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Nuclear Criticality Safety
NCSD provides communication among nuclear criticality safety professionals through the development of standards, the evolution of training methods and materials, the presentation of technical data and procedures, and the creation of specialty publications. In these ways, the division furthers the exchange of technical information on nuclear criticality safety with the ultimate goal of promoting the safe handling of fissionable materials outside reactors.
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The Civil Nuclear Credit Program: An overview
Officially established on November 15, 2021, with the signing of the $1.2 trillion Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act—aka the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law, or BIL—the Department of Energy’s Civil Nuclear Credit Program was designed to give owners/operators of commercial U.S. reactors the opportunity to apply for certification and competitively bid on credits to help support the continued operation of economically troubled units. Finally, the federal government, and not just certain farsighted state governments, would recognize nuclear energy for its important grid reliability and decarbonization attributes.
Steven E. Skutnik, Man-Sung Yim
Nuclear Technology | Volume 179 | Number 3 | September 2012 | Pages 374-381
Technical Paper | Fuel Cycle and Management | doi.org/10.13182/NT12-A14169
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The effect of simplifications in nuclear fuel depletion analysis as well as the effect of cross-section uncertainties were evaluated as to their impact upon material attractiveness for weapons diversion purposes. The effect of simplified depletion models for material attractiveness evaluation was evaluated through a comparison of pressurized water reactor fuel for several benchmark cases, using experimentally measured values along with a two-dimensional lattice physics model (TRITON) and a point depletion model (ORIGEN-S). Simplifications such as the use of the ORIGEN-S depletion libraries and assumptions of homogeneous core enrichment were found to have a negligible impact on material attractiveness evaluation, particularly relative to uncertainties in experimental measurements; additionally, simplified irradiation power histories do not introduce unacceptable errors into the attractiveness evaluation. Finally, the overall sensitivity of material attractiveness and associated uncertainty was found to be greater for transuranic mixtures compared to plutonium as a function of both burnup and decay time; however, associated uncertainties are generally small and not prohibitive to material attractiveness discrimination. As a result, the use of simplified depletion models such as ORIGEN-S appears to be well justified for use in material attractiveness evaluation for proliferation resistance studies.