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NC State celebrates 70 years of nuclear engineering education
An early picture of the research reactor building on the North Carolina State University campus. The Department of Nuclear Engineering is celebrating the 70th anniversary of its nuclear engineering curriculum in 2020–2021. Photo: North Carolina State University
The Department of Nuclear Engineering at North Carolina State University has spent the 2020–2021 academic year celebrating the 70th anniversary of its becoming the first U.S. university to establish a nuclear engineering curriculum. It started in 1950, when Clifford Beck, then of Oak Ridge, Tenn., obtained support from NC State’s dean of engineering, Harold Lampe, to build the nation’s first university nuclear reactor and, in conjunction, establish an educational curriculum dedicated to nuclear engineering.
The department, host to the 2021 ANS Virtual Student Conference, scheduled for April 8–10, now features 23 tenure/tenure-track faculty and three research faculty members. “What a journey for the first nuclear engineering curriculum in the nation,” said Kostadin Ivanov, professor and department head.
Miltiadis Alamaniotis, Andreas Ikonomopoulos, Tatjana Jevremovic, Lefteri H. Tsoukalas
Nuclear Technology | Volume 175 | Number 2 | August 2011 | Pages 480-497
Technical Paper | Radiation Measurements and General Instrumentation | dx.doi.org/10.13182/NT11-A12319
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Nuclear resonance fluorescence (NRF) has been considered as a promising method for cargo inspection. Almost all isotopes existing in nature yield a unique NRF spectral signature. NRF signals obtained during cargo inspection are aggregates of various signatures from materials hidden inside. The challenge is to identify individual signatures embedded in this signature aggregation. Background noise and spectra overlap to further complicate the NRF signal analysis. This paper addresses these concerns through an intelligent methodology recognizing signature spectra and, subsequently, identifying cargo materials. The methodology relies on fuzzy logic for pattern identification and evaluation of the weighted options involved in decision making. The intelligent methodology is presented using different simulated NRF signal scenarios. The results obtained demonstrate that the algorithm is highly accurate in most spectra carrying a signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) >20 db. Misses and false alarms were observed for isotopes with only one NRF peak (lead) with SNR <35 db. Extensive parameter testing under different scenarios indicated the existence of parameter couples that maximize the accuracy even for SNR values <20 db. In all cases the algorithm execution time was <0.1 s and was significantly faster than that of the maximum likelihood algorithm.