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NC State celebrates 70 years of nuclear engineering education
An early picture of the research reactor building on the North Carolina State University campus. The Department of Nuclear Engineering is celebrating the 70th anniversary of its nuclear engineering curriculum in 2020–2021. Photo: North Carolina State University
The Department of Nuclear Engineering at North Carolina State University has spent the 2020–2021 academic year celebrating the 70th anniversary of its becoming the first U.S. university to establish a nuclear engineering curriculum. It started in 1950, when Clifford Beck, then of Oak Ridge, Tenn., obtained support from NC State’s dean of engineering, Harold Lampe, to build the nation’s first university nuclear reactor and, in conjunction, establish an educational curriculum dedicated to nuclear engineering.
The department, host to the 2021 ANS Virtual Student Conference, scheduled for April 8–10, now features 23 tenure/tenure-track faculty and three research faculty members. “What a journey for the first nuclear engineering curriculum in the nation,” said Kostadin Ivanov, professor and department head.
Kenneth D. Jarman, Erin A. Miller, Richard S. Wittman, Christopher J. Gesh
Nuclear Technology | Volume 175 | Number 1 | July 2011 | Pages 326-334
Technical Paper | Special Issue on the 16th Biennial Topical Meeting of the Radiation Protection and Shielding Division / Radiation Measurements and General Instrumentation | dx.doi.org/10.13182/NT10-72
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Locating illicit radiological sources using gamma-ray or neutron detection is a key challenge for both homeland security and nuclear nonproliferation. Localization methods using an array of detectors or a sequence of observations in time and space must provide rapid results while accounting for a dynamic attenuating environment. In the presence of significant attenuation and scatter, more extensive numerical transport calculations in place of the standard analytical approximations may be required to achieve accurate results. Numerical adjoints based on deterministic transport codes provide relatively efficient detector response calculations needed to determine the most likely location of a true source given a set of observed count rates. Probabilistic representations account for uncertainty in the source location resulting from uncertainties in detector responses and the potential for nonunique solutions. A Bayesian approach improves on previous likelihood methods for source localization by allowing the incorporation of all available information to help constrain solutions.We present an approach to localizing radiological sources that uses numerical adjoints and a Bayesian formulation and demonstrate the approach on two simple example scenarios. Results indicate accurate estimates of source locations. We briefly study the effect of neglecting the contribution of all scattered radiation in the adjoints, as analytical transport approximations do, for a case with moderately attenuating material between detectors and sources. The source location accuracy of the uncollided-only solutions appears to be significantly worse at the source strength considered here, suggesting that the higher physical fidelity that is provided by full numerical adjoint-based solutions may provide an advantage in operational settings.