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The Radiation Protection and Shielding Division is developing and promoting radiation protection and shielding aspects of nuclear science and technology — including interaction of nuclear radiation with materials and biological systems, instruments and techniques for the measurement of nuclear radiation fields, and radiation shield design and evaluation.
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April 8–10, 2021
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NC State celebrates 70 years of nuclear engineering education
An early picture of the research reactor building on the North Carolina State University campus. The Department of Nuclear Engineering is celebrating the 70th anniversary of its nuclear engineering curriculum in 2020–2021. Photo: North Carolina State University
The Department of Nuclear Engineering at North Carolina State University has spent the 2020–2021 academic year celebrating the 70th anniversary of its becoming the first U.S. university to establish a nuclear engineering curriculum. It started in 1950, when Clifford Beck, then of Oak Ridge, Tenn., obtained support from NC State’s dean of engineering, Harold Lampe, to build the nation’s first university nuclear reactor and, in conjunction, establish an educational curriculum dedicated to nuclear engineering.
The department, host to the 2021 ANS Virtual Student Conference, scheduled for April 8–10, now features 23 tenure/tenure-track faculty and three research faculty members. “What a journey for the first nuclear engineering curriculum in the nation,” said Kostadin Ivanov, professor and department head.
Bin Han, X. George Xu, Matt Davidson, Bryan Bednarz, Gregory C. Sharp, George T. Y. Chen
Nuclear Technology | Volume 175 | Number 1 | July 2011 | Pages 58-62
Technical Paper | Special Issue on the 16th Biennial Topical Meeting of the Radiation Protection and Shielding Division / Radiation Transport and Protection | dx.doi.org/10.13182/NT11-A12270
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The superior dose conformation from protons is attributed to the Bragg peak near the end of the proton range. One challenge in proton cancer treatment is to assess the proton range fluctuations due to organ motion such as respiration. A time-resolved proton range telescope that measures coordinates, direction cosines, and the residual range of each proton can be useful in detecting and quantifying variations in radiological path length during the course of proton radiotherapy. In this paper, the Monte Carlo N-Particle eXtended (MCNPX) code was used to simulate the range telescope and study the image quality. To validate the MCNPX simulations, a simulated proton radiograph was compared with an experimentally acquired film for the same phantom. In addition, four quality assurance phantoms were simulated to investigate the quality of simulated proton radiography. Finally, the methods were applied to one phase of a patient four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) data set for proton radiography simulations. The results indicate that Monte Carlo simulations offer data that are useful in analyzing image spatial and temporal resolutions. Simulations show that it is useful to quantify the tumor position changes due to respiration by using a proton telescope.