ANS is committed to advancing, fostering, and promoting the development and application of nuclear sciences and technologies to benefit society.
Explore the many uses for nuclear science and its impact on energy, the environment, healthcare, food, and more.
Nuclear Criticality Safety
NCSD provides communication among nuclear criticality safety professionals through the development of standards, the evolution of training methods and materials, the presentation of technical data and procedures, and the creation of specialty publications. In these ways, the division furthers the exchange of technical information on nuclear criticality safety with the ultimate goal of promoting the safe handling of fissionable materials outside reactors.
2022 ANS Winter Meeting and Technology Expo
November 13–17, 2022
Phoenix, AZ|Arizona Grand Resort
The Standards Committee is responsible for the development and maintenance of voluntary consensus standards that address the design, analysis, and operation of components, systems, and facilities related to the application of nuclear science and technology. Find out What’s New, check out the Standards Store, or Get Involved today!
Latest Magazine Issues
Latest Journal Issues
Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
OPG, Microsoft to work toward net-zero future for Ontario
Ontario Power Generation and Microsoft Canada have formed a partnership aimed at combatting climate change and driving sustainable growth across the province of Ontario, the Canadian utility announced this week.
Under the partnership, Microsoft will procure clean energy credits (CECs) sourced from OPG’s nuclear and hydro assets in Ontario on an hourly basis. (OPG’s nuclear assets include the four-unit Darlington plant and six-unit Pickering facility.) According to the announcement, this will enable Microsoft to advance toward its 100/100/0 by 2030 goal, which commits the software firm to powering its data centers globally with zero-carbon energy, 24/7.
Jacques Vlassenbroeck, Anis Bousbia Salah, Andrea Bucalossi
Nuclear Technology | Volume 172 | Number 2 | November 2010 | Pages 179-188
Technical Paper | Thermal Hydraulics | dx.doi.org/10.13182/NT09-106
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
This paper presents assessment results for the natural circulation interruption (NCI) phenomenon during the cooldown phase in a nuclear pressurized water reactor. This phenomenon could take place because of several circumstances, such as an asymmetric cooldown after the loss of the forced primary flow. Under NCI conditions, the homogeneous boration of the reactor coolant system (RCS) and the connection of the RCS to the residual heat removal system could be hindered. Moreover, at very low or no primary flow rates and an operating safety injection system, a pressurized thermal shock could occur in the reactor vessel due to cold fluid stratification in the loops. It is therefore important to understand the cause of loop flow stagnation and to derive accordingly the appropriate operator actions to avoid such a phenomenon.The main goal of the current study is to assess the effect of a cooldown strategy upon the single-phase NCI occurrence. For this purpose, two scenarios with asymmetric cooling between the reactor cooling loops were investigated: The first one concerns a feedwater line break combined with a loss of offsite power (LOOP), while the second one is limited to the LOOP (or any other transient leading to the loss of the forced primary flow). The analyses were carried out using the best-estimate thermal-hydraulic system code CATHARE 2/V2.5_1mod8.1, developed by Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique, Electricité de France, AREVA, and Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire. The calculation results mainly emphasize the effect of the cooldown rate and the opening strategy of the main steam atmospheric discharge valve upon the occurrence of the NCI phenomenon.