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The mission of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Policy Division (NNPD) is to promote the peaceful use of nuclear technology while simultaneously preventing the diversion and misuse of nuclear material and technology through appropriate safeguards and security, and promotion of nuclear nonproliferation policies. To achieve this mission, the objectives of the NNPD are to: Promote policy that discourages the proliferation of nuclear technology and material to inappropriate entities. Provide information to ANS members, the technical community at large, opinion leaders, and decision makers to improve their understanding of nuclear nonproliferation issues. Become a recognized technical resource on nuclear nonproliferation, safeguards, and security issues. Serve as the integration and coordination body for nuclear nonproliferation activities for the ANS. Work cooperatively with other ANS divisions to achieve these objective nonproliferation policies.
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NC State celebrates 70 years of nuclear engineering education
An early picture of the research reactor building on the North Carolina State University campus. The Department of Nuclear Engineering is celebrating the 70th anniversary of its nuclear engineering curriculum in 2020–2021. Photo: North Carolina State University
The Department of Nuclear Engineering at North Carolina State University has spent the 2020–2021 academic year celebrating the 70th anniversary of its becoming the first U.S. university to establish a nuclear engineering curriculum. It started in 1950, when Clifford Beck, then of Oak Ridge, Tenn., obtained support from NC State’s dean of engineering, Harold Lampe, to build the nation’s first university nuclear reactor and, in conjunction, establish an educational curriculum dedicated to nuclear engineering.
The department, host to the 2021 ANS Virtual Student Conference, scheduled for April 8–10, now features 23 tenure/tenure-track faculty and three research faculty members. “What a journey for the first nuclear engineering curriculum in the nation,” said Kostadin Ivanov, professor and department head.
A. C. Morreale, D. R. Novog
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 164 | Number 2 | February 2010 | Pages 151-161
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.13182/NSE08-16
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The pursuit of more realistic models for nuclear power plant systems is becoming increasingly important and has led to an expansion in statistical uncertainty analysis coupled with the use of best-estimate predictions. Within these methodologies, derived acceptance criteria have been developed to ensure that the ultimate safety criteria are met with acceptably high levels of probability and confidence. The meeting of these derived criteria with a probability of 95% for a confidence interval of 95%, the 95/95 criteria, ensures consistency between analysis and instrumentation accuracy requirements set forth in ISA 67.04 standards. However, the application of these statistical methods to accidents requiring operator intervention, such as complete loss-of-feedwater events, has not previously been the topic of investigation. This paper applies the extreme value statistics (EVS) methodology to the steam generator-level transients predicted to result from a total loss-of-feedwater accident and compares the result to other uncertainty propagation methods and deterministic calculations. The transient was modeled using a full-circuit one-dimensional thermal-hydraulic code, and the epistemic and aleatory uncertainties inherent in the reactor are assessed. Based upon these results the available steam generator inventories at the time of trip were statistically determined, and subsequently, the available times for operator action were determined. Comparisons were made between the EVS methods and limiting deterministic analysis results for a standard CANDU 9 design as well as to other best-estimate and uncertainty-analysis techniques. Key uncertainties were identified based on phenomena identification and ranking tables and were confirmed through sensitivity studies. The requirement for operator-initiated actions for the EVS case was ˜46 min with 95% probability and 95% confidence from the time of annunciation, and this was 30 min longer than the limiting deterministic case.