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Decommissioning & Environmental Sciences
The mission of the Decommissioning and Environmental Sciences (DES) Division is to promote the development and use of those skills and technologies associated with the use of nuclear energy and the optimal management and stewardship of the environment, sustainable development, decommissioning, remediation, reutilization, and long-term surveillance and maintenance of nuclear-related installations, and sites. The target audience for this effort is the membership of the Division, the Society, and the public at large.
2021 ANS Virtual Annual Meeting
June 14–16, 2021
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Federal subsidies for nuclear plants?
The Biden administration has indicated to lawmakers that it supports federal subsidies for struggling nuclear power plants, Reuters reported this morning, citing sources familiar with the discussions.
The subsidies would be in the form of production tax credits, according to the report, and would likely become part of the president’s $2.3 trillion infrastructure plan.
Jiaxuan Tang, Daogang Lu, Jiangtao Liang, Xiangfeng Ma, Yizhe Liu, Shangshang Ye, Zihan Xia, Yuhao Zhang
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 195 | Number 5 | May 2021 | Pages 478-495
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295639.2020.1834314
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The complex structure of a pool-type sodium-cooled fast reactor may lead to uncertainty and asymmetry of flow and temperature field distributions under a pump stuck accident. This phenomenon has obvious three-dimensional (3-D) thermal-hydraulic characteristics and cannot be analyzed by one-dimensional or two-dimensional models. Previous research has been limited and lacking of 3-D numerical data. Therefore, the commercial computational fluid dynamics software FLUENT is used to simulate a full-scale 3-D integrated model of the China Experimental Fast Reactor (CEFR) in order to obtain 3-D thermal-hydraulic characteristics of key structures and components in the pool-type sodium-cooled fast reactor under a pump stuck accident in the primary loop. The results show that a special asymmetrical backflow phenomenon may occur in the pressure tube and the intermediate heat exchangers (IHXs) of the failure loop under the accident, further leading to complicated flow and thermal characteristics in both the hot and the cold pools. There is obvious thermal stratification and asymmetric temperature distribution, within a temperature difference of more than 90°C between the different loops’ IHX outlet. The temperature difference between the upper and lower areas of the baffles is 20°C to 105°C. This research provides a detailed reference for engineering design and operation.