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2021 ANS Virtual Annual Meeting
June 14–16, 2021
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
The consequences of closure: The local cost of shutting down a nuclear power plant
When on May 7, 2013, the Kewaunee nuclear power plant in rural Wisconsin was shut down, it took with it more than 600 full-time jobs and more than $70 million in lost wages, not including temporary employment from refueling and maintenance outages. Taking into account indirect business-to-business activity, the total economic impact of the closure of the single-unit pressurized water reactor was estimated to be more than $630 million to the surrounding three-county area.
Kodai Fukuda, Jun Nishiyama, Toru Obara
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 195 | Number 5 | May 2021 | Pages 453-463
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295639.2020.1847979
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
To proceed with the decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, analyses of unexpected fuel debris criticality accidents are needed. Supercritical transient analyses have been conducted for fuel debris using the Multiregion Integral Kinetic (MIK) code, which can take the space dependence of fuel debris into account. In those analyses, reactivity is assumed as stepwise insertion because the MIK code does not include delayed neutron effects, which might be negligible. However, reactivity insertion may not always be stepwise. Therefore, it is important to clarify an applicable range of the MIK code for nonstepwise insertion, such as ramp reactivity insertion. To show that kinetics codes without delayed neutron effects could be applied for a supercritical transient induced by ramp reactivity insertion, we established a method to clarify its applicable range. An analysis using the point reactor kinetics model was introduced as a pre-analysis to clarify this range in the case of ramp reactivity insertion in terms of the contribution of delayed neutrons. We applied the methodology to a simple cylindrical fuel debris system and successfully demonstrated a supercritical transient analysis for ramp reactivity insertion using the MIK code.