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Decommissioning & Environmental Sciences
The mission of the Decommissioning and Environmental Sciences (DES) Division is to promote the development and use of those skills and technologies associated with the use of nuclear energy and the optimal management and stewardship of the environment, sustainable development, decommissioning, remediation, reutilization, and long-term surveillance and maintenance of nuclear-related installations, and sites. The target audience for this effort is the membership of the Division, the Society, and the public at large.
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
SRS preps for dissolution of stainless-steel-clad spent fuel
The Department of Energy is preparing for an upcoming campaign to dissolve stainless-steel-clad spent nuclear fuel at its Savannah River Site in South Carolina by installing a new dissolver and an additional double-sized tank for storing dissolved material.
Longkun He, Pengfei Liu, Bo Kuang
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 195 | Number 4 | April 2021 | Pages 367-390
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295639.2020.1822124
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Jet fragmentation greatly influences the possibility of steam explosion and the formation of a debris bed when a molten corium jet falls into subcooled coolant during a severe accident of a nuclear reactor—which is called fuel and coolant interaction (FCI). The characteristics of different jet fragmentation mechanisms and the conditions under which they play a major role are still in doubt. Experiments were carried out to investigate the fragmentation characteristics of melt jet interaction with water at medium temperature (~680°C) and high temperature (1800°C to 2150°C). Molten metal [tin or Type 304 stainless steel (304SS)], oxide (alumina), and their mixture (304SS-alumina) were used as melt materials to obtain different fragmentation mechanisms. In addition, the effects of melt temperature, water subcooling, and water depth on jet fragmentation were also studied. Through comprehensive analysis of high-speed photography, dynamic pressure, water temperature variation, and jet breakup length during interactions as well as the morphology and size of debris after interactions, it was found that the characteristics of jet fragmentation varied greatly at different melt temperatures and water subcooling due to competition between hydrodynamic fragmentation and thermodynamic fragmentation caused by boiling. In addition, under high-temperature conditions, fragmentation of alumina was much greater than 304SS due to the fracture of solidifying melt caused by thermal stress. Finally, five kinds of mechanisms of melt jet fragmentation under different conditions are summarized.