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The division's objectives are to promote the advancement of knowledge and understanding of the fundamental physical phenomena characterizing nuclear reactors and other nuclear systems. The division encourages research and disseminates information through meetings and publications. Areas of technical interest include nuclear data, particle interactions and transport, reactor and nuclear systems analysis, methods, design, validation and operating experience and standards. The Wigner Award heads the awards program.
2021 ANS Virtual Annual Meeting
June 14–16, 2021
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
The consequences of closure: The local cost of shutting down a nuclear power plant
When on May 7, 2013, the Kewaunee nuclear power plant in rural Wisconsin was shut down, it took with it more than 600 full-time jobs and more than $70 million in lost wages, not including temporary employment from refueling and maintenance outages. Taking into account indirect business-to-business activity, the total economic impact of the closure of the single-unit pressurized water reactor was estimated to be more than $630 million to the surrounding three-county area.
Kenichi Yoshioka, Mitsuaki Yamaoka, Kouji Hiraiwa, Takanori Kitada
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 195 | Number 1 | January 2021 | Pages 101-117
Technical Note | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295639.2020.1788847
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The void reactivity of a fuel assembly with a streaming channel was measured in a simulated light water reactor critical lattice. The void reactivity was defined as the difference of reactivity ρ between different void conditions. Stainless steel and Zircaloy are candidates for the streaming channel material. Aluminum was used in this measurement because it is inexpensive and its absorption cross section is similar to that of Zircaloy. Two types of streaming channels were used: one made of aluminum and the other made of stainless steel. The two streaming channels were compared in terms of the difference in void reactivity. Measured values were calculated using a continuous-energy Monte Carlo code, MCNP6.1, with the JENDL-4.0 and ENDF/B-VIII.0 nuclear data libraries. The measured values and the calculated values agree within an error range of approximately 10% for the aluminum streaming channel and approximately 20% for the stainless steel streaming channel. The streaming effect of reactivity was deduced from the changes of migration area and buckling, which were measured using the water-height coefficient of reactivity and the axial fission-rate distribution.