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Decommissioning & Environmental Sciences
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
The consequences of closure: The local cost of shutting down a nuclear power plant
When on May 7, 2013, the Kewaunee nuclear power plant in rural Wisconsin was shut down, it took with it more than 600 full-time jobs and more than $70 million in lost wages, not including temporary employment from refueling and maintenance outages. Taking into account indirect business-to-business activity, the total economic impact of the closure of the single-unit pressurized water reactor was estimated to be more than $630 million to the surrounding three-county area.
Masato Yamamoto, Tomohiro Endo, Akio Yamamoto
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 195 | Number 1 | January 2021 | Pages 33-49
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295639.2020.1781482
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Compression of cross-section data used for high-resolution core analysis is performed using a dimensionality reduction technique based on the singular value decomposition (SVD) and low-rank approximation. The size of cross-section data can be a significant issue in high-resolution core analysis using detailed energy and spatial resolutions. This study addresses this issue focusing on the similarity of multigroup cross sections among different spatial regions. A data compression method using the SVD and low-rank approximation is applied for the multigroup microscopic cross sections of heterogeneous material regions obtained by a lattice physics calculation with burnup and branch calculations. Weighting by nuclide number densities and neutron spectra is considered to improve the efficiency of compression for cross sections. Single-assembly transport calculations with the method of characteristics are carried out using the original cross sections and the reconstructed cross sections after data compression. The accuracy of data compression for cross sections is evaluated by comparing the multiplication factor and multigroup scalar fluxes. The results indicate that the present data compression for microscopic cross sections can reduce approximately 99.7% of the original cross-section data size under the present calculation condition.