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NCSD provides communication among nuclear criticality safety professionals through the development of standards, the evolution of training methods and materials, the presentation of technical data and procedures, and the creation of specialty publications. In these ways, the division furthers the exchange of technical information on nuclear criticality safety with the ultimate goal of promoting the safe handling of fissionable materials outside reactors.
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Baranwal reviews virtual STEM lessons for U.S. tribal communities
In a blog post to the Department of Energy’s website on November 23, Rita Baranwal, assistant secretary for the Office of Nuclear Energy, commended recent virtual lesson projects from the Office of Nuclear Energy and the Nuclear Energy Tribal Working Group to increase STEM opportunities for Native American tribes.
The spotlighted lesson discussed in the article focused on a 3D-printed clip that turns a smartphone or tablet into a microscope with the ability to magnify items by 100 times. The Office of Nuclear Energy shipped nearly 1,000 of these microscope clips to students across the country, many of them going to U.S. tribal communities.
Tomohiro Endo, Akio Yamamoto
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 194 | Number 11 | November 2020 | Pages 1089-1104
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295639.2020.1720499
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The prompt neutron decay constant in a steady-state subcritical system can be directly measured using a reactor noise analysis method such as the Feynman- method. To reduce the nuclear data–induced uncertainty of for a target system, this study investigates the applicability of data assimilation techniques, i.e., the bias factor method and the cross-section adjustment method, based on a subcritical measurement of conducted at Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUCA). The sensitivity coefficients of and with respect to the nuclear data were efficiently estimated using a deterministic SN transport code with first-order perturbation theory. As a result, the a priori relative uncertainty of due to the 56-group SCALE covariance data can be reduced if there is strong correlation between the measured and the target . The experimental value of contributes to improving the nuclear data of total fission spectrum and total fission neutron number via strong correlations between and prompt and between and prompt , by utilizing the sensitivity coefficients of with respect to prompt and .