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The division was organized to promote the advancement of knowledge of the use of particle accelerator technologies for nuclear and other applications. It focuses on production of neutrons and other particles, utilization of these particles for scientific or industrial purposes, such as the production or destruction of radionuclides significant to energy, medicine, defense or other endeavors, as well as imaging and diagnostics.
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
The consequences of closure: The local cost of shutting down a nuclear power plant
When on May 7, 2013, the Kewaunee nuclear power plant in rural Wisconsin was shut down, it took with it more than 600 full-time jobs and more than $70 million in lost wages, not including temporary employment from refueling and maintenance outages. Taking into account indirect business-to-business activity, the total economic impact of the closure of the single-unit pressurized water reactor was estimated to be more than $630 million to the surrounding three-county area.
A. Vidal-Ferràndiz, A. Carreño, D. Ginestar, C. Demazière, G. Verdú
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 194 | Number 11 | November 2020 | Pages 1067-1078
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295639.2020.1756617
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The mechanical vibrations of core internals such as fuel assemblies (FAs) cause oscillations in the neutron flux that require in some circumstances nuclear power plants to operate at a reduced power level. This work simulates and analyzes the changes of the neutron flux throughout a nuclear core due to the oscillation of a single FA without considering thermal-hydraulic feedback. The amplitude of the FA vibration is bounded to a few millimeters, and this implies the use of fine meshes and accurate numerical solvers due to the different scales of the problem. The results of the simulations show a main oscillation of the neutron flux with the same frequency as the FA vibration along with other harmonics at multiples of the vibration frequency much smaller in amplitude. Also, this work compares time domain analysis and frequency domain analysis of the mechanical vibrations. Numerical results show a close match between these two approaches for the fundamental frequency.