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Nuclear Criticality Safety
NCSD provides communication among nuclear criticality safety professionals through the development of standards, the evolution of training methods and materials, the presentation of technical data and procedures, and the creation of specialty publications. In these ways, the division furthers the exchange of technical information on nuclear criticality safety with the ultimate goal of promoting the safe handling of fissionable materials outside reactors.
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
Study indicates pilot facility could significantly reduce waste volumes
Waste disposal start-up Deep Isolation and fusion tech company SHINE Technologies have announced the completion of a collaborative study assessing the costs of disposing of radioactive byproducts from a pilot spent nuclear fuel recycling facility.
Sterling M. Harper, Paul K. Romano, Benoit Forget, Kord S. Smith
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 194 | Number 11 | November 2020 | Pages 1009-1015
Technical Paper | doi.org/10.1080/00295639.2020.1719765
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Monte Carlo (MC) transport codes offer high-fidelity modeling of particle transport physics, but their high computational cost makes them impractical for many applications. For some applications such as multiphysics and depletion that use finely discretized geometries, a large portion of this computational cost is attributable to ray tracing. Neighbor lists are a well-known method for accelerating ray-tracing calculations in a MC code, but despite their prevalence, little work has been published on the details of their implementation. The fine details can have a significant impact on performance, particularly when using shared-memory parallelism. This paper addresses these details of implementation with a discussion of different neighbor list schemes and their impact on software runtime.
Performance tests were run by using OpenMC on a pin-cell problem discretized with up to 200 axial regions. The results demonstrate that switching from surface-based to cell-based neighbor lists leads to a 10 faster calculation rate for the most fine discretization. Furthermore, using a threadsafe shared-memory data structure results in a 20% faster calculation rate versus simple threadprivate neighbor lists. Results here show that a data structure that is contiguous in memory improves performance by only 1% to 2% over noncontiguous linked lists.