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2021 ANS Virtual Annual Meeting
June 14–16, 2021
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
The consequences of closure: The local cost of shutting down a nuclear power plant
When on May 7, 2013, the Kewaunee nuclear power plant in rural Wisconsin was shut down, it took with it more than 600 full-time jobs and more than $70 million in lost wages, not including temporary employment from refueling and maintenance outages. Taking into account indirect business-to-business activity, the total economic impact of the closure of the single-unit pressurized water reactor was estimated to be more than $630 million to the surrounding three-county area.
Joshua Hanophy, Ben S. Southworth, Ruipeng Li, Tom Manteuffel, Jim Morel
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 194 | Number 11 | November 2020 | Pages 989-1008
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295639.2020.1747263
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The computational kernel in solving the SN transport equations is the parallel sweep, which corresponds to directly inverting a block lower triangular linear system that arises in discretizations of the linear transport equation. Existing parallel sweep algorithms are fairly efficient on structured grids, but still have polynomial scaling, P1/d + M, for d dimensions, P processors, and M angles. Moreover, an efficient scalable parallel sweep algorithm for use on general unstructured meshes remains elusive. Recently, an algebraic multigrid (AMG) method based on approximate ideal restriction (AIR) was developed for nonsymmetric matrices and shown to be an effective solver for linear transport. Motivated by the superior scalability of the AMG methods (logarithmic in P) as well as the simplicity with which the AMG methods can be used in most situations, including on arbitrary unstructured meshes, this paper investigates the use of parallel AIR (pAIR) for solving the SN transport equations with source iteration in place of parallel sweeps. The results presented in this paper show that pAIR is a robust and scalable solver. Although sweeps are still shown to be much faster than pAIR on a structured mesh of a unit cube, pAIR is shown to perform similarly on both a structured and unstructured mesh, and offers a new, simple, black-box alternative to parallel transport sweeps.