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Isotopes & Radiation
Members are devoted to applying nuclear science and engineering technologies involving isotopes, radiation applications, and associated equipment in scientific research, development, and industrial processes. Their interests lie primarily in education, industrial uses, biology, medicine, and health physics. Division committees include Analytical Applications of Isotopes and Radiation, Biology and Medicine, Radiation Applications, Radiation Sources and Detection, and Thermal Power Sources.
2021 ANS Virtual Annual Meeting
June 14–16, 2021
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
The consequences of closure: The local cost of shutting down a nuclear power plant
When on May 7, 2013, the Kewaunee nuclear power plant in rural Wisconsin was shut down, it took with it more than 600 full-time jobs and more than $70 million in lost wages, not including temporary employment from refueling and maintenance outages. Taking into account indirect business-to-business activity, the total economic impact of the closure of the single-unit pressurized water reactor was estimated to be more than $630 million to the surrounding three-county area.
Katarzyna Borowiec, Tomasz Kozlowski, Caleb S. Brooks
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 194 | Number 8 | August-September 2020 | Pages 737-747
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295639.2020.1713671
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The work presents validation of the TRAC/RELAP Advanced Computational Engine (TRACE) code for natural circulation two-phase flow in a vertical annulus. Natural circulation experiments were recently conducted for a vertical internally heated annulus at the Multiphase Thermo-Fluid Dynamics Laboratory at the University of Illinois. The experimental matrix consists of 107 experiments with system pressure in the range of 145 to 950 kPa and heat flux up to 275 kW/m2. Void fraction, gas velocity, and interfacial area concentration were measured in five axial locations along the test section with six measurements of bulk liquid temperature and pressure. To validate the capability of the TRACE code under natural circulation flow conditions, a complete model of the experimental facility was created and validated using forced convection and single-phase natural circulation data.
Sensitivity and uncertainty quantification were performed. The sensitivity to important simulation parameters was studied using Sobol’s variance decomposition and the Morris screening method. The sensitivity of boundary conditions on void fraction measurement was investigated. The sensitivity study has shown significant differences in model sensitivity between different experimental conditions. With heat flux being the most influential parameter for high-pressure cases without flashing and pressure, temperature and heat flux have a combined strong effect in the case of low-pressure experiments when flashing occurs. Additionally, higher uncertainty in void fraction prediction was observed for experimental conditions at low pressure with flashing.