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The mission of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Policy Division (NNPD) is to promote the peaceful use of nuclear technology while simultaneously preventing the diversion and misuse of nuclear material and technology through appropriate safeguards and security, and promotion of nuclear nonproliferation policies. To achieve this mission, the objectives of the NNPD are to: Promote policy that discourages the proliferation of nuclear technology and material to inappropriate entities. Provide information to ANS members, the technical community at large, opinion leaders, and decision makers to improve their understanding of nuclear nonproliferation issues. Become a recognized technical resource on nuclear nonproliferation, safeguards, and security issues. Serve as the integration and coordination body for nuclear nonproliferation activities for the ANS. Work cooperatively with other ANS divisions to achieve these objective nonproliferation policies.
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ANS to host webinar on clean electric grid on Wednesday
Join ANS for the panel discussion, What will a clean U.S. electric grid look like in 2035? at 1:30 p.m. (EDT) on Wednesday. Register now for the free virtual event.
Matthew D. Zimmer, Igor A. Bolotnov
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 194 | Number 8 | August-September 2020 | Pages 708-720
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295639.2020.1722543
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Recent advancements in computing power allow utilization of state-of-the-art direct numerical simulations (DNSs), coupled with interface tracking techniques, to perform fully resolved simulations of complex two-phase flows, such as flow regime transitions. Studying the highly resolved temporal and spatial information produced from these virtual experiments can advance our understanding of the phenomenon and inform coarser models. With these improved models, better predictions of flow regime behavior and location in boiling water reactors can be made.
The presented research uses the PHASTA code, which employs the level set method for interface tracking, to examine the mechanisms of flow regime transition, specifically the slug-to-bubbly and slug-to–churn-turbulent regime transitions. The DNS was validated using theoretical and experimental work found in open literature. Different geometries, including pipes and minichannels, were explored in order to improve the fundamental understanding of the complex flow phenomenon. Using advanced analysis techniques, the transient flow properties were analyzed at resolutions not available to other methods. The numerical data analysis allows for calculation of both time and spatially averaged properties as well as local instantaneous properties. Possible mechanisms for the transition are discussed. Examples include liquid kinetic energy/surface tension energy balance and interfacial shear forces in the liquid film. It is also noted that the transition out of slug flow can take at least two pathways: interfacial wave-induced instability development in the Taylor bubble, leading to its disintegration, or strong bubble shearing at the tail of the bubble.