ANS is committed to advancing, fostering, and promoting the development and application of nuclear sciences and technologies to benefit society.
Explore the many uses for nuclear science and its impact on energy, the environment, healthcare, food, and more.
Robotics & Remote Systems
The Mission of the Robotics and Remote Systems Division is to promote the development and application of immersive simulation, robotics, and remote systems for hazardous environments for the purpose of reducing hazardous exposure to individuals, reducing environmental hazards and reducing the cost of performing work.
2021 ANS Virtual Annual Meeting
June 14–16, 2021
The Standards Committee is responsible for the development and maintenance of voluntary consensus standards that address the design, analysis, and operation of components, systems, and facilities related to the application of nuclear science and technology. Find out What’s New, check out the Standards Store, or Get Involved today!
Latest Magazine Issues
Latest Journal Issues
Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
The consequences of closure: The local cost of shutting down a nuclear power plant
When on May 7, 2013, the Kewaunee nuclear power plant in rural Wisconsin was shut down, it took with it more than 600 full-time jobs and more than $70 million in lost wages, not including temporary employment from refueling and maintenance outages. Taking into account indirect business-to-business activity, the total economic impact of the closure of the single-unit pressurized water reactor was estimated to be more than $630 million to the surrounding three-county area.
Matthew D. Zimmer, Igor A. Bolotnov
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 194 | Number 8 | August-September 2020 | Pages 708-720
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295639.2020.1722543
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Recent advancements in computing power allow utilization of state-of-the-art direct numerical simulations (DNSs), coupled with interface tracking techniques, to perform fully resolved simulations of complex two-phase flows, such as flow regime transitions. Studying the highly resolved temporal and spatial information produced from these virtual experiments can advance our understanding of the phenomenon and inform coarser models. With these improved models, better predictions of flow regime behavior and location in boiling water reactors can be made.
The presented research uses the PHASTA code, which employs the level set method for interface tracking, to examine the mechanisms of flow regime transition, specifically the slug-to-bubbly and slug-to–churn-turbulent regime transitions. The DNS was validated using theoretical and experimental work found in open literature. Different geometries, including pipes and minichannels, were explored in order to improve the fundamental understanding of the complex flow phenomenon. Using advanced analysis techniques, the transient flow properties were analyzed at resolutions not available to other methods. The numerical data analysis allows for calculation of both time and spatially averaged properties as well as local instantaneous properties. Possible mechanisms for the transition are discussed. Examples include liquid kinetic energy/surface tension energy balance and interfacial shear forces in the liquid film. It is also noted that the transition out of slug flow can take at least two pathways: interfacial wave-induced instability development in the Taylor bubble, leading to its disintegration, or strong bubble shearing at the tail of the bubble.