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Operations & Power
Members focus on the dissemination of knowledge and information in the area of power reactors with particular application to the production of electric power and process heat. The division sponsors meetings on the coverage of applied nuclear science and engineering as related to power plants, non-power reactors, and other nuclear facilities. It encourages and assists with the dissemination of knowledge pertinent to the safe and efficient operation of nuclear facilities through professional staff development, information exchange, and supporting the generation of viable solutions to current issues.
2021 ANS Virtual Annual Meeting
June 14–16, 2021
The Standards Committee is responsible for the development and maintenance of voluntary consensus standards that address the design, analysis, and operation of components, systems, and facilities related to the application of nuclear science and technology. Find out What’s New, check out the Standards Store, or Get Involved today!
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
The consequences of closure: The local cost of shutting down a nuclear power plant
When on May 7, 2013, the Kewaunee nuclear power plant in rural Wisconsin was shut down, it took with it more than 600 full-time jobs and more than $70 million in lost wages, not including temporary employment from refueling and maintenance outages. Taking into account indirect business-to-business activity, the total economic impact of the closure of the single-unit pressurized water reactor was estimated to be more than $630 million to the surrounding three-county area.
Jun Fang, Meredith K. Purser, Cameron Smith, Ramesh Balakrishnan, Igor A. Bolotnov, Kenneth E. Jansen
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 194 | Number 8 | August-September 2020 | Pages 676-689
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295639.2020.1743577
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Various flow regimes exist in a boiling water reactor (BWR) as the steam quality increases in the uprising coolant flow, from bubbly flow, slug/churn flow, to annular flow. The annular flow is characterized by the presence of a fast-moving gas core and the surrounding liquid film flowing on the conduit wall. In addition, entrained droplets can be observed in the gas core with ingested bubbles in the liquid film. The dynamics occurring on the wavy interface between the liquid film and gas core plays a crucial role in affecting the heat transfer rate and pressure drop within the BWR core. However, a fundamental understanding of annular flow is still lacking, partly due to the difficulty in obtaining detailed local data in annular flow experiments.
In the current study, a novel simulation framework is developed for the annular flow by coupling a computational fluid dynamics flow solver with state-of-the-art meshing software. The gas-liquid interface is tracked with the level set method. Based on the computed flow solutions, the computational mesh is dynamically adapted in memory to meet the local mesh resolution requirement. This iterative simulation-adaptation framework can ensure the fine mesh resolution across the interface, which not only helps mitigate the mass conservation degradation known to level set methods but also improves the representation of dramatic interface topological changes such as wave breaking and droplet entrainment. The present investigation will shed light onto the complex interfacial processes involved in annular flow and generate much needed simulation data for annular flow modeling.