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Decommissioning & Environmental Sciences
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
The consequences of closure: The local cost of shutting down a nuclear power plant
When on May 7, 2013, the Kewaunee nuclear power plant in rural Wisconsin was shut down, it took with it more than 600 full-time jobs and more than $70 million in lost wages, not including temporary employment from refueling and maintenance outages. Taking into account indirect business-to-business activity, the total economic impact of the closure of the single-unit pressurized water reactor was estimated to be more than $630 million to the surrounding three-county area.
Zhiee Jhia Ooi, Vineet Kumar, Caleb S. Brooks
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 194 | Number 8 | August-September 2020 | Pages 598-619
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295639.2020.1732123
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The static correlations from RELAP5 and TRACE as well as the interfacial area transport equation (IATE) are benchmarked for flashing flow with selected cases from a recently published experimental data set. The RELAP5 correlation is able to predict the interfacial area concentration more accurately than the TRACE correlation. The one-group decoupled IATE, supplied with experimental void fraction, shows overprediction of interfacial area concentration, especially at low-pressure conditions. Additionally, the one-group IATE is solved simultaneously with the void transport equation where at low pressures, the accuracy of the predicted interfacial area concentration improves even with the void fraction being underpredicted. However, as the pressure increases, the improving accuracy of the predicted void fraction leads to an overprediction of the interfacial area concentration. The two-group IATE is also benchmarked, first using the interfacial mass generation model from RELAP5 and TRACE and then with a model derived through a mass-energy balance approach. The accuracy of the two-group IATE is observed to be sensitive to the choice of the heat transfer length scale and Nusselt number correlations.