ANS is committed to advancing, fostering, and promoting the development and application of nuclear sciences and technologies to benefit society.
Explore the many uses for nuclear science and its impact on energy, the environment, healthcare, food, and more.
Materials Science & Technology
The objectives of MSTD are: promote the advancement of materials science in Nuclear Science Technology; support the multidisciplines which constitute it; encourage research by providing a forum for the presentation, exchange, and documentation of relevant information; promote the interaction and communication among its members; and recognize and reward its members for significant contributions to the field of materials science in nuclear technology.
2021 ANS Virtual Annual Meeting
June 14–16, 2021
The Standards Committee is responsible for the development and maintenance of voluntary consensus standards that address the design, analysis, and operation of components, systems, and facilities related to the application of nuclear science and technology. Find out What’s New, check out the Standards Store, or Get Involved today!
Latest Magazine Issues
Latest Journal Issues
Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
The consequences of closure: The local cost of shutting down a nuclear power plant
When on May 7, 2013, the Kewaunee nuclear power plant in rural Wisconsin was shut down, it took with it more than 600 full-time jobs and more than $70 million in lost wages, not including temporary employment from refueling and maintenance outages. Taking into account indirect business-to-business activity, the total economic impact of the closure of the single-unit pressurized water reactor was estimated to be more than $630 million to the surrounding three-county area.
Kodai Fukuda, Jun Nishiyama, Toru Obara
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 194 | Number 7 | July 2020 | Pages 493-507
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295639.2020.1743580
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Transient analysis for possible prompt supercritical accidents of fuel debris in the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station is quite important. However, unlike solution fuel systems, there is little knowledge about supercritical transient analysis in fuel debris systems. In particular, reactivity feedback effects, which may have a significant impact on the results of the analysis, are important and require further study. In particular, the impacts of radiolysis gas void and moderator boiling should be discussed. Thus, the purpose of this study is to clarify whether the reactivity feedback effects of radiolysis gas and boiling of the moderator impact the supercritical transient analysis in fuel debris systems. To accomplish this, we used a power profile obtained by the MIK code with the Doppler reactivity feedback effect; radiolysis gas analysis and heat transfer analysis were performed. For the radiolysis gas analysis, the AGNES2 model was modified to consider the difference between solution fuel and fuel debris systems. The heat transfer analysis used an OpenFOAM solver to perform conjugate heat transfer calculations. We found that the radiolysis gas void was negligible when probable G values, which are the generation number of molecules per absorbed energy, were used. In addition, the results showed that boiling could be also negligible under most conditions. However, we found that the boiling time may be earlier than the peak time of the power when the radius of the fuel debris particle is small. In this case, ignoring the boiling may give conservative results. These considerations should be included in future analyses.