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Decommissioning & Environmental Sciences
The mission of the Decommissioning and Environmental Sciences (DES) Division is to promote the development and use of those skills and technologies associated with the use of nuclear energy and the optimal management and stewardship of the environment, sustainable development, decommissioning, remediation, reutilization, and long-term surveillance and maintenance of nuclear-related installations, and sites. The target audience for this effort is the membership of the Division, the Society, and the public at large.
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
Study indicates pilot facility could significantly reduce waste volumes
Waste disposal start-up Deep Isolation and fusion tech company SHINE Technologies have announced the completion of a collaborative study assessing the costs of disposing of radioactive byproducts from a pilot spent nuclear fuel recycling facility.
Weiqian Zhuo, Yi Xie, Michael T. Benson, Qiufeng Yang, Robert D. Mariani, Jinsuo Zhang
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 194 | Number 6 | June 2020 | Pages 462-476
Technical Paper | doi.org/10.1080/00295639.2020.1713656
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Alloying additions are introduced into U-Zr fuel in order to bind lanthanides (e.g., cerium) and prevent their migration to the fuel-cladding interface. Antimony (Sb) is being investigated as a candidate additive. The present study focuses on the diffusion couple behavior of U-10Zr (wt%) alloy with Sb against cladding (iron or HT9) at 640°C. The diffusion cross sections were analyzed using a scanning electron microscope and X-ray diffraction. Zr-rind was found at the interface of the fuel alloy, Sb was found to be bound in Sb-Zr precipitates or Sb-Ce precipitates, and no reaction was found between Sb precipitates and the cladding materials.