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Devoted to all aspects of the nuclear fuel cycle including waste management, worldwide. Division specific areas of interest and involvement include uranium conversion and enrichment; fuel fabrication, management (in-core and ex-core) and recycle; transportation; safeguards; high-level, low-level and mixed waste management and disposal; public policy and program management; decontamination and decommissioning environmental restoration; and excess weapons materials disposition.
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June 14–16, 2021
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
The consequences of closure: The local cost of shutting down a nuclear power plant
When on May 7, 2013, the Kewaunee nuclear power plant in rural Wisconsin was shut down, it took with it more than 600 full-time jobs and more than $70 million in lost wages, not including temporary employment from refueling and maintenance outages. Taking into account indirect business-to-business activity, the total economic impact of the closure of the single-unit pressurized water reactor was estimated to be more than $630 million to the surrounding three-county area.
Mengkun Li, Guanxiang Wei, Zhihui Xu, Jun Wang, Ming Yang
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 194 | Number 6 | June 2020 | Pages 447-461
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295639.2019.1710975
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
This study introduces a radiation avoidance algorithm to help radiological occupational personnel (ROP) avoid high radiation exposure in a radioactive environment. The premise of this study is that ROP can be designated as a movable point in a two-dimensional radioactive scene with known radioactive sources. A trajectory of ROP is generated by the radiation avoidance algorithm based on an artificial potential field (APF) and particle swarm optimization (PSO). In the algorithm, ROP is subjected to an attractive force from a target as well as multiple repulsive forces from multiple radioactive sources. The attractive force and repulsive forces drive ROP moving toward the target along the trajectory. APF has obvious difficulties with parameter selection and a local minima problem. So, we used the PSO algorithm to solve these difficulties of APF. Additionally, we developed a radiation avoidance simulation program using the C# programming language. Simulation experiments showed the proposed algorithm could be useful to meet the challenges of radiation avoidance applications that can be described as trajectory optimization problems.