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Radiation Protection & Shielding
The Radiation Protection and Shielding Division is developing and promoting radiation protection and shielding aspects of nuclear science and technology — including interaction of nuclear radiation with materials and biological systems, instruments and techniques for the measurement of nuclear radiation fields, and radiation shield design and evaluation.
2021 ANS Virtual Annual Meeting
June 14–16, 2021
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
The consequences of closure: The local cost of shutting down a nuclear power plant
When on May 7, 2013, the Kewaunee nuclear power plant in rural Wisconsin was shut down, it took with it more than 600 full-time jobs and more than $70 million in lost wages, not including temporary employment from refueling and maintenance outages. Taking into account indirect business-to-business activity, the total economic impact of the closure of the single-unit pressurized water reactor was estimated to be more than $630 million to the surrounding three-county area.
Kazuki Kuwagaki, Jun Nishiyama, Toru Obara
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 194 | Number 5 | May 2020 | Pages 405-413
Technical Note | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295639.2019.1706322
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The purpose of this technical note is to evaluate the discharged fuel of breed-and-burn (B&B) reactors. The discharged burnup in a B&B core can be high, and there is a concern that as decay heat increases, handling after a shutdown might be difficult. Because discharged fuels contain a number of plutonium nuclides, the potential for proliferation is also a concern. Moreover, radiotoxicity levels are an issue for geological disposal. As reference cores, two stationary wave reactor (SWR) cores proposed in our previous studies were used. The SWR is a special type of B&B reactor. Discharged fuels of the two SWR cores were evaluated by comparing them to a pressurized water reactor (PWR) and a fast breeder reactor. The discharged fuels of both SWR cores were not significantly worse than the reference PWR, even though the burnup was about 2.6 to 7.0 times higher.