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Materials Science & Technology
The objectives of MSTD are: promote the advancement of materials science in Nuclear Science Technology; support the multidisciplines which constitute it; encourage research by providing a forum for the presentation, exchange, and documentation of relevant information; promote the interaction and communication among its members; and recognize and reward its members for significant contributions to the field of materials science in nuclear technology.
2021 ANS Virtual Annual Meeting
June 14–16, 2021
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
The consequences of closure: The local cost of shutting down a nuclear power plant
When on May 7, 2013, the Kewaunee nuclear power plant in rural Wisconsin was shut down, it took with it more than 600 full-time jobs and more than $70 million in lost wages, not including temporary employment from refueling and maintenance outages. Taking into account indirect business-to-business activity, the total economic impact of the closure of the single-unit pressurized water reactor was estimated to be more than $630 million to the surrounding three-county area.
Rei Kimura, Kazuhito Asano
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 194 | Number 3 | March 2020 | Pages 213-220
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295639.2019.1685352
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Nuclear energy has been one of the sustainable energy sources, but after the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident, large-scale light water reactors are losing price competitiveness due to the rising costs to meet elevated safety standards. On the other hand, small modular reactors (SMRs) have been developed by various teams and are expected to provide not only electricity but also heat for small communities, chemical plants, factories, mines, and hydrogen production. Since 2017, a multipurpose very small modular reactor (vSMR), namely, Mobile-Very-small reactor for Local Utility in X-mark (MoveluXTM), has been studied at Toshiba Energy Systems and Solutions Corporation as a feasible distributed energy source. The main concept to MoveluX is a heat pipe–cooled calcium hydride–moderated core to simplify the reactor system while increasing inherent safety and nuclear security. Portable vSMRs are useful for remote places; therefore, criticality safety during their transport is essential for vSMRs to gain popularity. In a previous paper, we discuss positive temperature reactivity coefficients of the hydride-moderated core and its control method. The phenomenon is caused by thermal-neutron spectrum shifts at increased temperatures. In the current paper, we show that a positive temperature reactivity coefficient can be utilized to maintain subcriticality during transport. The reactor core requires preheating to achieve criticality, which means the core does not become critical even though safety rods have been extracted in the low-temperature range. The positive reactivity in the low-temperature range establishes inherent criticality safety during transport of the reactor system.