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April 8–10, 2021
North Carolina State University|Raleigh Marriott City Center
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Fusion Science and Technology
Baranwal reviews virtual STEM lessons for U.S. tribal communities
In a blog post to the Department of Energy’s website on November 23, Rita Baranwal, assistant secretary for the Office of Nuclear Energy, commended recent virtual lesson projects from the Office of Nuclear Energy and the Nuclear Energy Tribal Working Group to increase STEM opportunities for Native American tribes.
The spotlighted lesson discussed in the article focused on a 3D-printed clip that turns a smartphone or tablet into a microscope with the ability to magnify items by 100 times. The Office of Nuclear Energy shipped nearly 1,000 of these microscope clips to students across the country, many of them going to U.S. tribal communities.
Rei Kimura, Kazuhito Asano
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 194 | Number 3 | March 2020 | Pages 213-220
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295639.2019.1685352
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Nuclear energy has been one of the sustainable energy sources, but after the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident, large-scale light water reactors are losing price competitiveness due to the rising costs to meet elevated safety standards. On the other hand, small modular reactors (SMRs) have been developed by various teams and are expected to provide not only electricity but also heat for small communities, chemical plants, factories, mines, and hydrogen production. Since 2017, a multipurpose very small modular reactor (vSMR), namely, Mobile-Very-small reactor for Local Utility in X-mark (MoveluXTM), has been studied at Toshiba Energy Systems and Solutions Corporation as a feasible distributed energy source. The main concept to MoveluX is a heat pipe–cooled calcium hydride–moderated core to simplify the reactor system while increasing inherent safety and nuclear security. Portable vSMRs are useful for remote places; therefore, criticality safety during their transport is essential for vSMRs to gain popularity. In a previous paper, we discuss positive temperature reactivity coefficients of the hydride-moderated core and its control method. The phenomenon is caused by thermal-neutron spectrum shifts at increased temperatures. In the current paper, we show that a positive temperature reactivity coefficient can be utilized to maintain subcriticality during transport. The reactor core requires preheating to achieve criticality, which means the core does not become critical even though safety rods have been extracted in the low-temperature range. The positive reactivity in the low-temperature range establishes inherent criticality safety during transport of the reactor system.