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Isotopes & Radiation
Members are devoted to applying nuclear science and engineering technologies involving isotopes, radiation applications, and associated equipment in scientific research, development, and industrial processes. Their interests lie primarily in education, industrial uses, biology, medicine, and health physics. Division committees include Analytical Applications of Isotopes and Radiation, Biology and Medicine, Radiation Applications, Radiation Sources and Detection, and Thermal Power Sources.
2021 Student Conference
April 8–10, 2021
North Carolina State University|Raleigh Marriott City Center
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A day in the life of the nuclear community
The November issue of Nuclear News is focused on the individuals who make up our nuclear community.
We invited a small group of those individuals to tell us about their day-to-day work in some of the many occupations and applications of nuclear science and technology, and they responded generously. They were ready to tell us about the part they play, together with colleagues and team members, in supplying clean energy, advancing technology, protecting safety and health, and exploring fundamental science.
In these pages, we see a community that can celebrate both those workdays that record progress moving at a steady pace and the exceptional days when a goal is reached, a briefing is delivered, a contract goes through, a discovery is made, or an unforeseen challenge is overcome.
The Nuclear News staff hopes that you enjoy meeting these members of our community—or maybe get reacquainted with friends—through their words and photos.
Lei Jin, Kaushik Banerjee
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 194 | Number 3 | March 2020 | Pages 190-206
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295639.2019.1678104
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Monte Carlo (MC) simulation is used to solve the eigenvalue form of the Boltzmann transport equation to estimate various parameters such as fuel pin flux distributions that are crucial for the safe and efficient operation of nuclear systems (e.g., a nuclear reactor). Monte Carlo eigenvalue simulation uses a sample mean over many stationary cycles (iterations) to estimate various parameters important to nuclear systems. A variance estimate of the sample mean is often used for calculating the confidence intervals. However, MC eigenvalue simulation variance estimators that ignore the intercycle correlation underestimate the true variance of the estimated quantity. This paper presents novel data-adaptive approaches based on a simple autoregressive (AR) model and sigmoid functions to improve MC variance estimation. The standard MC sample-based variance estimator (or naïve estimator) and the spectral density–based MC variance estimator are enhanced by adding data-adaptive components that reduce their bias and improve performance. By investigating the frequency pattern of the AR(1) (order 1) model, two adaptive spectral estimators and one adaptive naïve estimator are proposed. The proposed estimators manifest superior performance when applied to three test problems compared to the standard spectral density–based estimator previously introduced by the authors. These new estimators are straightforward, as they use online algorithms and do not require storage of tallies from all active cycles.