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Fusion Science and Technology
Finland in Front: The World’s Likely First Spent Fuel Repository Moves Toward Licensing
The year 2024 is shaping up to be a historic one for Posiva, the waste management organization owned by Finland’s two nuclear power plant utilities, Fortum and Teollisuuden Voima. The company is looking to receive regulatory approval of its operating license for the Onkalo deep geological repository for high-level radioactive waste by the end of the year.
Michael Y. Hua, Braden Goddard, Cody Lloyd, Evan C. Leppink, Sara A. Abraham, Jordan D. Noey, Shaun D. Clarke, Sara A. Pozzi
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 194 | Number 2 | February 2020 | Pages 154-162
Technical Paper | doi.org/10.1080/00295639.2019.1654329
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
In this work, an epithermal neutron multiplicity counter (ENMC) and an organic scintillator multiplicity counter (OSMC) are compared in the assay of 237Np, a potentially weapons-usable isotope, using active neutron multiplicity counting. In active neutron multiplicity counting, the neutron doubles and triples multiplicity rates are used to analytically calculate sample mass. To distinguish the masses of two different samples, the measured triples and doubles rates of each sample must be separated by 1σ. The time it takes each system to separate the measured triples multiplicity rates was compared using 20 metal samples of 237Np with masses logarithmically distributed between 10 and 1000 g. The results show that the OSMC can distinguish the smallest masses (10.0 and 12.7 g) beyond 1σ in 20 min and that the ENMC requires more than 400 times the measurement time to obtain the same precision. Similarly, the OSMC is at least 4.5 times faster than the ENMC in separating the doubles multiplicity rates.