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Fuel Cycle & Waste Management
Devoted to all aspects of the nuclear fuel cycle including waste management, worldwide. Division specific areas of interest and involvement include uranium conversion and enrichment; fuel fabrication, management (in-core and ex-core) and recycle; transportation; safeguards; high-level, low-level and mixed waste management and disposal; public policy and program management; decontamination and decommissioning environmental restoration; and excess weapons materials disposition.
2021 Student Conference
April 8–10, 2021
North Carolina State University|Raleigh Marriott City Center
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
Baranwal reviews virtual STEM lessons for U.S. tribal communities
In a blog post to the Department of Energy’s website on November 23, Rita Baranwal, assistant secretary for the Office of Nuclear Energy, commended recent virtual lesson projects from the Office of Nuclear Energy and the Nuclear Energy Tribal Working Group to increase STEM opportunities for Native American tribes.
The spotlighted lesson discussed in the article focused on a 3D-printed clip that turns a smartphone or tablet into a microscope with the ability to magnify items by 100 times. The Office of Nuclear Energy shipped nearly 1,000 of these microscope clips to students across the country, many of them going to U.S. tribal communities.
M. Fukushima, J. Goda, A. Oizumi, J. Bounds, T. Cutler, T. Grove, D. Hayes, J. Hutchinson, G. McKenzie, A. McSpaden, R. Sanchez, J. Walker, K. Tsujimoto
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 194 | Number 2 | February 2020 | Pages 138-153
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295639.2019.1663089
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
To validate lead (Pb) nuclear cross sections, a series of integral experiments to measure lead void reactivity worth was conducted systematically in three fast neutron spectra with different fuel compositions on the Comet critical assembly of the National Criticality Experiments Research Center. Previous experiments in high-enriched uranium (HEU)/Pb and low-enriched uranium (LEU)/Pb systems had been performed in 2016 and 2017, respectively. A follow-on experiment in a plutonium (Pu)/Pb system has been completed. The Pu/Pb system was constructed using lead plates and weapons-grade Pu plates that had been used in the Zero Power Physics Reactor (ZPPR) of Argonne National Laboratory until the 1990s. Furthermore, the HEU/Pb system was reexamined on the Comet critical assembly with a newly installed device that can measure the compression of the stack, improving reproducibility. Using the lead void reactivity worth measured in these three cores with different fuel compositions, the latest nuclear data libraries, JENDL-4.0 and ENDF/B-VIII.0, were tested with the Monte Carlo calculation code MCNP® version 6.1. As a result, the calculations by ENDF/B-VIII.0 were confirmed to agree with lead void reactivity worth measured in all the cores. It was furthermore found that the calculations by JENDL-4.0 overestimate by more than 20% for the Pu/Pb core while being in good agreement for the HEU/Pb and LEU/Pb cores.