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The division's objectives are to promote the advancement of knowledge and understanding of the fundamental physical phenomena characterizing nuclear reactors and other nuclear systems. The division encourages research and disseminates information through meetings and publications. Areas of technical interest include nuclear data, particle interactions and transport, reactor and nuclear systems analysis, methods, design, validation and operating experience and standards. The Wigner Award heads the awards program.
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June 14–16, 2021
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
The consequences of closure: The local cost of shutting down a nuclear power plant
When on May 7, 2013, the Kewaunee nuclear power plant in rural Wisconsin was shut down, it took with it more than 600 full-time jobs and more than $70 million in lost wages, not including temporary employment from refueling and maintenance outages. Taking into account indirect business-to-business activity, the total economic impact of the closure of the single-unit pressurized water reactor was estimated to be more than $630 million to the surrounding three-county area.
Michael Y. Hua, Jesson D. Hutchinson, George E. McKenzie, Tony H. Shin, Shaun D. Clarke, Sara A. Pozzi
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 194 | Number 1 | January 2020 | Pages 56-68
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295639.2019.1654327
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Rossi-alpha measurements of fissionable assemblies are used to estimate the prompt neutron decay constant α. Reactivity can be inferred from α if the values of the neutron generation time and effective delayed neutron fraction are assumed. If multiple measurements are performed on an assembly near delayed critical, one can determine α at delayed critical and directly infer reactivity (without needing to assume values for the neutron generation time or effective delayed neutron fraction). Previous works have demonstrated that two-exponential fits for Rossi-alpha measurements of reflected assemblies have better fit metrics than those of one-exponential fits; however, the two-exponential probability density function that is needed to obtain α from the fit parameters has not been derived. This paper derives the two-exponential fit based on a two-region point kinetics model for Rossi-alpha measurements of reflected assemblies, a generalization of the current, one-region model (one-exponential fit). The new model is validated for shielded assemblies, a special case of reflected assemblies where the reflector-to-core leakage is negligibly small. The validation is performed using shielded, fissionable assemblies (highly enriched uranium with keff ≈ 0.95 and weapons-grade plutonium with keff > 0.77). The results show that the two-exponential model can (1) predict the constant α within two standard deviations, and (2) deconvolve α and the time a neutron spends in the reflector region, neither of which is possible with the one-exponential model.