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Isotopes & Radiation
Members are devoted to applying nuclear science and engineering technologies involving isotopes, radiation applications, and associated equipment in scientific research, development, and industrial processes. Their interests lie primarily in education, industrial uses, biology, medicine, and health physics. Division committees include Analytical Applications of Isotopes and Radiation, Biology and Medicine, Radiation Applications, Radiation Sources and Detection, and Thermal Power Sources.
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
Finland in Front: The World’s Likely First Spent Fuel Repository Moves Toward Licensing
The year 2024 is shaping up to be a historic one for Posiva, the waste management organization owned by Finland’s two nuclear power plant utilities, Fortum and Teollisuuden Voima. The company is looking to receive regulatory approval of its operating license for the Onkalo deep geological repository for high-level radioactive waste by the end of the year.
Jeremy A. Roberts, Leidong Xu, Rabab Elzohery, Mohammad Abdo
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 193 | Number 12 | December 2019 | Pages 1371-1378
Technical Paper | doi.org/10.1080/00295639.2019.1634928
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
An algorithm based on dynamic mode decomposition (DMD) for acceleration of the power method (PM) is presented. The PM is a simple technique for determining the dominant eigenmode of an operator A, and variants of the PM are widely used in reactor analysis. DMD is an algorithm for decomposing a time series of spatially dependent data and producing an explicit-in-time reconstruction for that data. By viewing successive PM iterates as snapshots of a time-varying system tending toward a steady state, DMD can be used to predict that steady state using (sometimes surprisingly small) iterates. The process of generating snapshots with the PM and extrapolating forward with DMD can be repeated. The resulting restarted, DMD-accelerated PM [or DMD-PM()] was applied to the two-dimensional International Atomic Energy Agency diffusion benchmark and compared to the unaccelerated PM and the Arnoldi method. Results indicate that DMD-PM() can reduce the number of power iterations required by a factor of approximately 5. However, the Arnoldi method always outperformed DMD-PM() for an equivalent number of matrix-vector products Av. In other words, DMD-PM() cannot compete with leading eigensolvers if one is not limited to snapshots produced by the PM. Contrarily, DMD-PM() can be readily applied as a postprocess to existing PM applications for which the Arnoldi method and similar methods are not directly applicable. A slight variation of the method was also found to produce reasonable approximations to the first and second harmonics without substantially affecting convergence of the dominant mode.