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Finland in Front: The World’s Likely First Spent Fuel Repository Moves Toward Licensing
The year 2024 is shaping up to be a historic one for Posiva, the waste management organization owned by Finland’s two nuclear power plant utilities, Fortum and Teollisuuden Voima. The company is looking to receive regulatory approval of its operating license for the Onkalo deep geological repository for high-level radioactive waste by the end of the year.
Sushil Dhakal, Carl R. Brune, Thomas N. Massey, Steven M. Grimes, Alexander V. Voinov, Shamim Akhtar, Anthony P. D. Ramirez, Andrea L. Richard
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 193 | Number 9 | September 2019 | Pages 1033-1043
Technical Paper | doi.org/10.1080/00295639.2019.1591095
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
This work investigates the quality of the ENDF 56Fe cross-section libraries for describing the transport of fast neutrons in iron. We have used the D(d,n)3He reaction with a pulsed 7-MeV deuteron beam energy as a neutron source and analyzed the neutrons transmitted through two natural iron spheres of thicknesses 3 and 8 cm. The experimental neutron time-of-flight transmitted spectra for various angles are compared with MCNP simulations. Our result indicates the possibility of an underestimation of the nonelastic cross section and an overestimation of the elastic cross section for 56Fe in the ENDF/B-VII.1 library for the neutron energy range of 7.2 to 10.2 MeV. Our result agrees qualitatively with the Ramsauer model and optical model calculations. This discrepancy in the library cross section might lead to an underestimation/overestimation of material damage in nuclear reactor calculations. A newer evaluation, ENDF/B-VIII.0, was released subsequent to the completion of the majority of this project. The new evaluation has a decreased elastic cross section and an increased inelastic cross section for 56Fe in our energy range of interest, which agrees qualitatively with our result.