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The division's objectives are to promote the advancement of knowledge and understanding of the fundamental physical phenomena characterizing nuclear reactors and other nuclear systems. The division encourages research and disseminates information through meetings and publications. Areas of technical interest include nuclear data, particle interactions and transport, reactor and nuclear systems analysis, methods, design, validation and operating experience and standards. The Wigner Award heads the awards program.
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India’s newest nuclear reactor connects to grid
Unit 4 at Kakrapar nuclear power plant was connected to the grid on February 20, the Nuclear Power Corporation of India Ltd. (NPCIL) has announced. The 700-MWe pressurized heavy water reactor achieved first criticality on December 17, 2023.
A. Abdelghafar Galahom
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 193 | Number 6 | June 2019 | Pages 638-651
Technical Paper | doi.org/10.1080/00295639.2018.1560757
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
This work presents a comparison between the homogeneous and heterogeneous [seed-blanket (SB)] fuel assembly used in the VVER-1200 core. The MCNPX 2.7 code with the ENDF/B-VII.0 data library was used to investigate the possible advantages that can be achieved when the SB assembly is used instead of homogeneous assembly. Thorium-232 was used as a fertile material in the blanket region and different fissile materials were investigated in the seed region. The neutronic characteristics of the presented designs were investigated by comparing four different combinations of fissile materials with (Th,U)O2 that were distributed uniformly through the whole assembly. The radial power distribution was investigated in both homogeneous and SB assemblies. The power distribution is flatter in the homogeneous assembly than the heterogeneous assembly. The suggested fuels in the SB assembly achieved a longer fuel cycle than the homogeneous assembly. Neutronic parameters related to reactor safety operation, such as control rod worth, Doppler reactivity coefficient, and effective delayed neutron fraction βeff have been investigated for the suggested fuel types. The SB assembly achieved a higher conversion ratio than the homogeneous assembly. Therefore, the fissile inventory ratio decreased more slowly with burnup in the case of SB than in the homogeneous assembly. Using 232Th instead of 238U reduced the production of the plutonium and the transuranic atoms.