Fluid-fueled nuclear reactors, such as molten salt reactors (MSRs), have recently gained significant interest. These advanced reactors represent a potential revolutionary shift in the implementation of nuclear power, and as a broad class of reactors, they have the potential to directly address many U.S. energy policy objectives. Fuel that is dissolved in the coolant requires methods to account for the birth, decay, and transport of fission products not only in the core but also throughout the loop and any auxiliary systems, such as off-gas, to which liquid fuel flows, gaseous products are carried, or solid particulates plate out. System models are particularly well suited to explore the wide range of phenomena that are associated with fluid-fueled systems, especially for safeguards analysis. However, before system dynamics can be explored, the compositions of fission products of the salt throughout the loop must be determined as they drive the dynamic behavior of a reactor.

This paper describes the derivation of a modified point-kinetics model for obtaining a first-order approximation of the behavior of a salt-fueled system in which neutron precursors and fission products are born in the fuel-salt and transported outside the core. This paper also provides verification of the model using a steady-state analytic solution and provides additional cases exploring the response under transient cases. This model establishes a baseline model that can be used to explore the dynamic response of fluid-fueled reactors and to investigate important safeguards issues such as mass accountability of source terms. The model is implemented in the Oak Ridge National Laboratory–developed, Modelica-based TRANSFORM library that was developed to investigate various aspects of advanced energy systems.