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The division's objectives are to promote the advancement of knowledge and understanding of the fundamental physical phenomena characterizing nuclear reactors and other nuclear systems. The division encourages research and disseminates information through meetings and publications. Areas of technical interest include nuclear data, particle interactions and transport, reactor and nuclear systems analysis, methods, design, validation and operating experience and standards. The Wigner Award heads the awards program.
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Fusion Science and Technology
Baranwal reviews virtual STEM lessons for U.S. tribal communities
In a blog post to the Department of Energy’s website on November 23, Rita Baranwal, assistant secretary for the Office of Nuclear Energy, commended recent virtual lesson projects from the Office of Nuclear Energy and the Nuclear Energy Tribal Working Group to increase STEM opportunities for Native American tribes.
The spotlighted lesson discussed in the article focused on a 3D-printed clip that turns a smartphone or tablet into a microscope with the ability to magnify items by 100 times. The Office of Nuclear Energy shipped nearly 1,000 of these microscope clips to students across the country, many of them going to U.S. tribal communities.
Masao Yamanaka, Cheol Ho Pyeon
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 193 | Number 4 | April 2019 | Pages 404-416
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295639.2018.1525978
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
To elucidate the accuracy of benchmarks of criticality at the Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUCA), uncertainty analysis is conducted for manufacturing tolerances in highly enriched uranium (HEU) plates and modeling of core configurations in addition to nuclear data. For evaluation of eigenvalue bias, eigenvalue calculations are conducted using MCNP6.1 and SCALE6.2/KENO-VI together with ENDF/B-VII.1. The modeling of reference core configurations and material properties with average values is validated through a comparison between calculated and measured results. The uncertainty induced by nuclear data is evaluated with SCALE6.2/TSUNAMI-3D together with ENDF/B-VII.1 for sensitivity calculations and 56groupcov.7.1 for the covariance matrix. In the breakdown of the uncertainty induced by nuclear data, the impact of 235U shows significant dominance, about 900 pcm in hard and soft spectrum cores. Furthermore, uncertainty evaluation by manufacturing tolerances in HEU plates and reproducibility of control rod positions demonstrates that the impact of variation on measured reactivity is minor. Through experimental analyses, the index of accuracy in benchmark experiments of criticality is conducive to the reliability of benchmarks at KUCA.