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Baranwal reviews virtual STEM lessons for U.S. tribal communities
In a blog post to the Department of Energy’s website on November 23, Rita Baranwal, assistant secretary for the Office of Nuclear Energy, commended recent virtual lesson projects from the Office of Nuclear Energy and the Nuclear Energy Tribal Working Group to increase STEM opportunities for Native American tribes.
The spotlighted lesson discussed in the article focused on a 3D-printed clip that turns a smartphone or tablet into a microscope with the ability to magnify items by 100 times. The Office of Nuclear Energy shipped nearly 1,000 of these microscope clips to students across the country, many of them going to U.S. tribal communities.
S. Kelm, H. Müller, H.-J. Allelein
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 193 | Number 1 | January-February 2019 | Pages 63-80
Technical Paper – Selected papers from NURETH 2017 | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295639.2018.1503858
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)/Nuclear Energy Agency International Standard Problem 47 (ISP-47) was aimed at assessing the predictive capabilities of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and lumped-parameter codes regarding hydrogen mixing under representative thermal-hydraulic conditions of a loss-of-coolant-accident. The benchmark consisted of two systematic steps. The first step was a fundamental model assessment based on quasi-steady-state separate-effects tests in the French TOSQAN facility (7 m3, IRSN, Saclay) and MISTRA facility (100 m3, CEA, Saclay) regarding steam condensation, buoyant turbulent flows, and mixed atmospheric conditions. The second step was based on a more realistic experimental transient in the multicompartmented German Thermal-hydraulics, Hydrogen, Aerosols and Iodine (THAI) facility (60 m3, Becker Technologies, Eschborn). At that time, the blind and open analysis revealed that CFD codes needed further improvement regarding modeling of turbulence in buoyant flows, steam condensation, temperature and species concentration, and stratification buildup as well as their dissolution. This result triggered a comprehensive experimental and analytical effort, e.g., within the German national THAI, the OECD-THAI, and the OECD-SETH-1 and OECD-SETH-2 projects. Now, 10 years later, this paper aims to benchmark the state-of-the-art containment CFD model, developed at Forschungszentrum Juelich and RWTH Aachen University, and to highlight the progress made and the remaining open issues.