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Isotopes & Radiation
Members are devoted to applying nuclear science and engineering technologies involving isotopes, radiation applications, and associated equipment in scientific research, development, and industrial processes. Their interests lie primarily in education, industrial uses, biology, medicine, and health physics. Division committees include Analytical Applications of Isotopes and Radiation, Biology and Medicine, Radiation Applications, Radiation Sources and Detection, and Thermal Power Sources.
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HPS's Eric Goldin: On health physics
Eric Goldin, president of the Health Physics Society, is a radiation safety specialist with 40 years of experience in power reactor health physics, supporting worker and public radiation safety programs. A certified health physicist since 1984, he has served on the American Board of Health Physics, and since 2004, he has been a member of the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements’ Program Area Committee 2, which provides guidance for radiation safety in occupational settings for a variety of industries and activities. He was awarded HPS Fellow status in 2012 and was elected to the NCRP in 2014.
Goldin’s radiological engineering experience includes ALARA programs, instrumentation, radioactive waste management, emergency planning, dosimetry, decommissioning, licensing, effluents, and environmental monitoring.
The HPS, headquartered in Herndon, Va., is the largest radiation safety society in the world. Its membership includes scientists, safety professionals, physicists, engineers, attorneys, and other professionals from academia, industry, medical institutions, state and federal government, the national laboratories, the military, and other organizations.
The HPS’s activities include encouraging research in radiation science, developing standards, and disseminating radiation safety information. Its members are involved in understanding, evaluating, and controlling the potential risks from radiation relative to the benefits.
Goldin talked about the HPS and health physics activities with Rick Michal, editor-in-chief of Nuclear News.
Kazuki Kuwagaki, Jun Nishiyama, Toru Obara
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 191 | Number 2 | August 2018 | Pages 178-186
Technical Note | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295639.2018.1463744
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
In the breed and burn (B&B) strategy, low-reactivity fuels are loaded in a core. It is difficult to keep criticality in operating a small core. To enhance the potential for achieving criticality, the neutron economy in a core should be improved. One improvement method is to increase the core size and reduce neutron leakage. If it is necessary to avoid the large-sized core, another method is to locate high-reactivity fuels in high-neutron-importance region continuously through an equilibrium burnup state. On the other hand, to stabilize the change of neutron flux and power distribution during the operation, the B&B regions need to be kept stationary in the same region.
In this study, a rotational fuel-shuffling concept was proposed. In this concept, fuel assemblies are moved to the next position step by step in a divided symmetry core region. Fresh fuel is loaded from the periphery and moved toward the center region, then moved outward and discharged. If the core could achieve an equilibrium state at which high-reactivity fuels are continuously placed in the core center region, it would be possible to keep the B&B regions stationary. In this kind of equilibrium state, high-reactivity fuels are placed in high-neutron-importance region stably. Simulations for this concept were performed using the continuous-energy Monte Carlo code MVP/MVP-BURN. A small lead-bismuth-cooled fast reactor with metallic fuel was adopted as the core design. As a result, a core with rotational fuel shuffling achieved an equilibrium cycle at criticality, and the change of multiplication factors in the equilibrium cycle was less than 0.1%. The neutron flux and power distributions were almost unchanged during the operation. In addition, high-reactivity fuels were constantly placed in the high-neutron-flux region. It was found that this concept can achieve criticality and a stable power profile.