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HPS's Eric Goldin: On health physics
Eric Goldin, president of the Health Physics Society, is a radiation safety specialist with 40 years of experience in power reactor health physics, supporting worker and public radiation safety programs. A certified health physicist since 1984, he has served on the American Board of Health Physics, and since 2004, he has been a member of the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements’ Program Area Committee 2, which provides guidance for radiation safety in occupational settings for a variety of industries and activities. He was awarded HPS Fellow status in 2012 and was elected to the NCRP in 2014.
Goldin’s radiological engineering experience includes ALARA programs, instrumentation, radioactive waste management, emergency planning, dosimetry, decommissioning, licensing, effluents, and environmental monitoring.
The HPS, headquartered in Herndon, Va., is the largest radiation safety society in the world. Its membership includes scientists, safety professionals, physicists, engineers, attorneys, and other professionals from academia, industry, medical institutions, state and federal government, the national laboratories, the military, and other organizations.
The HPS’s activities include encouraging research in radiation science, developing standards, and disseminating radiation safety information. Its members are involved in understanding, evaluating, and controlling the potential risks from radiation relative to the benefits.
Goldin talked about the HPS and health physics activities with Rick Michal, editor-in-chief of Nuclear News.
Dinkar Verma, Subhanker Paul, Pankaj Wahi
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 190 | Number 1 | April 2018 | Pages 73-92
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295639.2017.1407593
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The nonlinear stability analysis of a boiling water reactor (BWR) is presented using a nuclear-coupled thermal-hydraulic reduced-order model. Unlike the existing studies, the effect of reactivity feedbacks (void reactivity feedback and temperature feedback) on nonlinear stability characteristics is presented in this work. The analytical model comprises point-kinetics equations with one group of delayed neutrons and fuel heat transfer having coupling with single-phase and two-phase one-dimensional reduced homogeneous thermal hydraulics wherein the two intrinsic reactivity feedbacks, namely, Doppler and void, provide the coupling feature. The primary objective of the present work is to delineate the stability and bifurcation characteristics of BWRs, and this is achieved in two levels. The first level is linear stability analysis wherein the linear stability boundaries are shown in parameter space constituted by two intrinsic reactivity feedbacks and in the subcooling versus phase change number plane as well. In the second level, we discuss the nonlinear characteristics, and the existence of subcritical and supercritical Hopf bifurcations is ascertained by a method of multiple time scales. Numerical simulations are performed to verify the resultant limit cycle behavior (arising from Hopf bifurcation) followed by the turning point bifurcations, and period-doubling bifurcation leading to chaos. Further, a parametric study is performed to show the effect of variation of various nondimensional parameters on the system dynamics and is depicted with the help of a criticality curve that delineates the two Hopf bifurcation regimes in parameter spaces formed by dimensionless reactivities (Doppler and void) and dimensionless numbers (subcooling and phase change). The study implies that the larger values of reactor power, phase change number, and subcooling number favor the supercritical Hopf bifurcation and hence assure globally safe reactor operation.