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HPS's Eric Goldin: On health physics
Eric Goldin, president of the Health Physics Society, is a radiation safety specialist with 40 years of experience in power reactor health physics, supporting worker and public radiation safety programs. A certified health physicist since 1984, he has served on the American Board of Health Physics, and since 2004, he has been a member of the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements’ Program Area Committee 2, which provides guidance for radiation safety in occupational settings for a variety of industries and activities. He was awarded HPS Fellow status in 2012 and was elected to the NCRP in 2014.
Goldin’s radiological engineering experience includes ALARA programs, instrumentation, radioactive waste management, emergency planning, dosimetry, decommissioning, licensing, effluents, and environmental monitoring.
The HPS, headquartered in Herndon, Va., is the largest radiation safety society in the world. Its membership includes scientists, safety professionals, physicists, engineers, attorneys, and other professionals from academia, industry, medical institutions, state and federal government, the national laboratories, the military, and other organizations.
The HPS’s activities include encouraging research in radiation science, developing standards, and disseminating radiation safety information. Its members are involved in understanding, evaluating, and controlling the potential risks from radiation relative to the benefits.
Goldin talked about the HPS and health physics activities with Rick Michal, editor-in-chief of Nuclear News.
Matteo Gamarino, Aldo Dall’Osso, Danny Lathouwers, Jan Leen Kloosterman
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 190 | Number 1 | April 2018 | Pages 1-30
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295639.2017.1417214
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Nodal diffusion is currently the preferred neutronics model for industrial reactor core calculations, which use few-group cross-section libraries generated via standard assembly homogenization. The infinite-medium flux-weighted cross sections fail to capture the spectral effects triggered in the core environment by nonreflective boundary conditions at the fuel-assembly edges. This poses a serious limitation to the numerical simulation of current- and next-generation reactor cores, characterized by strong interassembly heterogeneity.
Recently, a spectral rehomogenization method has been developed at AREVA NP. This approach consists of an on-the-fly modal synthesis of the spectrum variation between the environmental and infinite-medium conditions. It uses information coming from both the nodal simulation and the lattice transport calculation performed to compute the standard cross sections. The accuracy of the spectral corrections depends on the choice of the basis and weighting functions for the expansion and on the definition of a realistic energy distribution of the neutron leakage. In this paper, we focus on the first aspect. Two tracks are researched: a combination of analytical functions (with a physically justified mode) and a mathematical approach building upon the Proper Orthogonal Decomposition. The method is applied to relevant pressurized-water-reactor benchmark problems. We show that the accuracy of the cross sections is significantly improved at reasonably low computational cost and memory requirement. Several aspects of the methodology are discussed, such as the interplay with space-dependent corrections. We demonstrate that this approach can model not only the spectral interactions between dissimilar neighbor assemblies but also the spectral effects due to different physical conditions (namely, multiplicative properties) in the environment and in the infinite medium.