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Nuclear Nonproliferation Policy
The mission of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Policy Division (NNPD) is to promote the peaceful use of nuclear technology while simultaneously preventing the diversion and misuse of nuclear material and technology through appropriate safeguards and security, and promotion of nuclear nonproliferation policies. To achieve this mission, the objectives of the NNPD are to: Promote policy that discourages the proliferation of nuclear technology and material to inappropriate entities. Provide information to ANS members, the technical community at large, opinion leaders, and decision makers to improve their understanding of nuclear nonproliferation issues. Become a recognized technical resource on nuclear nonproliferation, safeguards, and security issues. Serve as the integration and coordination body for nuclear nonproliferation activities for the ANS. Work cooperatively with other ANS divisions to achieve these objective nonproliferation policies.
2020 ANS Virtual Winter Meeting
November 15–19, 2020
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UWC 2020: A call for transformational change
Bowing to current COVID-19 realities but buoyed by the success of June’s virtual Annual Meeting, ANS event planners returned to the virtual realm for this year’s Utility Working Conference. Originally scheduled for August 9–12 at Marco Island, Fla., the condensed event was held Wednesday, August 11, wherever registrants’ computer devices happened to be located.
In addition to 26 educational sessions and workshops, UWC 2020 featured an opening plenary session titled “Achieving Transformational Change: A leadership discussion,” moderated by Bob Coward, MPR Associates principal officer and ANS past president (2017–2018). Plenary panelists included representatives from three utilities—Arizona Public Service (APS), Exelon, and Xcel Energy—plus the Institute of Nuclear Power Operations (INPO) and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.
Matteo Gamarino, Aldo Dall’Osso, Danny Lathouwers, Jan Leen Kloosterman
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 190 | Number 1 | April 2018 | Pages 1-30
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295639.2017.1417214
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Nodal diffusion is currently the preferred neutronics model for industrial reactor core calculations, which use few-group cross-section libraries generated via standard assembly homogenization. The infinite-medium flux-weighted cross sections fail to capture the spectral effects triggered in the core environment by nonreflective boundary conditions at the fuel-assembly edges. This poses a serious limitation to the numerical simulation of current- and next-generation reactor cores, characterized by strong interassembly heterogeneity.
Recently, a spectral rehomogenization method has been developed at AREVA NP. This approach consists of an on-the-fly modal synthesis of the spectrum variation between the environmental and infinite-medium conditions. It uses information coming from both the nodal simulation and the lattice transport calculation performed to compute the standard cross sections. The accuracy of the spectral corrections depends on the choice of the basis and weighting functions for the expansion and on the definition of a realistic energy distribution of the neutron leakage. In this paper, we focus on the first aspect. Two tracks are researched: a combination of analytical functions (with a physically justified mode) and a mathematical approach building upon the Proper Orthogonal Decomposition. The method is applied to relevant pressurized-water-reactor benchmark problems. We show that the accuracy of the cross sections is significantly improved at reasonably low computational cost and memory requirement. Several aspects of the methodology are discussed, such as the interplay with space-dependent corrections. We demonstrate that this approach can model not only the spectral interactions between dissimilar neighbor assemblies but also the spectral effects due to different physical conditions (namely, multiplicative properties) in the environment and in the infinite medium.