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HPS's Eric Goldin: On health physics
Eric Goldin, president of the Health Physics Society, is a radiation safety specialist with 40 years of experience in power reactor health physics, supporting worker and public radiation safety programs. A certified health physicist since 1984, he has served on the American Board of Health Physics, and since 2004, he has been a member of the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements’ Program Area Committee 2, which provides guidance for radiation safety in occupational settings for a variety of industries and activities. He was awarded HPS Fellow status in 2012 and was elected to the NCRP in 2014.
Goldin’s radiological engineering experience includes ALARA programs, instrumentation, radioactive waste management, emergency planning, dosimetry, decommissioning, licensing, effluents, and environmental monitoring.
The HPS, headquartered in Herndon, Va., is the largest radiation safety society in the world. Its membership includes scientists, safety professionals, physicists, engineers, attorneys, and other professionals from academia, industry, medical institutions, state and federal government, the national laboratories, the military, and other organizations.
The HPS’s activities include encouraging research in radiation science, developing standards, and disseminating radiation safety information. Its members are involved in understanding, evaluating, and controlling the potential risks from radiation relative to the benefits.
Goldin talked about the HPS and health physics activities with Rick Michal, editor-in-chief of Nuclear News.
Vikas Pandey, Suneet Singh
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 188 | Number 2 | November 2017 | Pages 187-197
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295639.2017.1350003
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The nonlinear stability analysis of an advanced heavy water reactor (AHWR) is performed to investigate global stability. The global stability perspective predicts the exact stability boundary of the system, which is valid for small as well as large disturbances in the system. Recently, the local or linear stability boundary and bifurcation of limit cycles has been discussed for an AHWR. However, the studies were not sufficient to predict global stability of the system. In this work, advanced bifurcation analysis is carried out for an AHWR, which unfolds multistable or unstable states. The region of multistability is observed due to the presence of steady states and multiple limit cycles. The global stability boundary is marginally away from the local stability boundary, the region beyond which the global stability boundary is safe for operation due to the nonexistence of nonlinear phenomena, such as limit cycles. The local stability boundary is basically a Hopf bifurcation boundary as limit cycles (i.e., nonlinear phenomena) emerge from these points. Subcritical or supercritical Hopf bifurcations excite unstable limit cycles (ULCs) or stable limit cycles (SLCs), respectively, and these limit cycles end on the global stability boundary. The subcritical Hopf bifurcation is considered as hard or dangerous bifurcation due to the presence of ULCs in the linearly stable region, which gains stability on the global stability boundary and in which SLCs surround ULCs. Therefore, a region of bistability between the local and global stability boundary is present for subcritical Hopf. The supercritical Hopf is generally considered as the soft and safe bifurcation because of SLCs in the linearly unstable region. Due to this fact, it is assumed that in the supercritical Hopf region the global and local stability boundaries are the same. However, in this work ULCs in the linearly stable region for supercritical Hopf bifurcation are observed along with SLCs, which is an uncommon phenomenon in nuclear reactors. The presence of ULCs surrounding SLCs are observed both in the stable and unstable side on the parameter plane for supercritical Hopf. For the safe operation of a nuclear reactor, identification of the region of global stability is of paramount interest.