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HPS's Eric Goldin: On health physics
Eric Goldin, president of the Health Physics Society, is a radiation safety specialist with 40 years of experience in power reactor health physics, supporting worker and public radiation safety programs. A certified health physicist since 1984, he has served on the American Board of Health Physics, and since 2004, he has been a member of the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements’ Program Area Committee 2, which provides guidance for radiation safety in occupational settings for a variety of industries and activities. He was awarded HPS Fellow status in 2012 and was elected to the NCRP in 2014.
Goldin’s radiological engineering experience includes ALARA programs, instrumentation, radioactive waste management, emergency planning, dosimetry, decommissioning, licensing, effluents, and environmental monitoring.
The HPS, headquartered in Herndon, Va., is the largest radiation safety society in the world. Its membership includes scientists, safety professionals, physicists, engineers, attorneys, and other professionals from academia, industry, medical institutions, state and federal government, the national laboratories, the military, and other organizations.
The HPS’s activities include encouraging research in radiation science, developing standards, and disseminating radiation safety information. Its members are involved in understanding, evaluating, and controlling the potential risks from radiation relative to the benefits.
Goldin talked about the HPS and health physics activities with Rick Michal, editor-in-chief of Nuclear News.
Ashlea V. Colton, Blair P. Bromley, Daniel Wojtaszek, Clifford Dugal
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 186 | Number 1 | April 2017 | Pages 48-65
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295639.2016.1273021
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Thorium, a fertile nuclear fuel that is nearly three times as abundant as uranium, represents a long-term energy source that could complement uranium and eventually replace it. To facilitate the gradual transition from uranium-based fuels to thorium-based fuels, it may be advantageous in the near term to introduce small amounts of thorium (˂7% of the total fuel mass) into uranium-based fuels in pressure tube heavy water reactors (PT-HWRs). Downblending natural or slightly enriched uranium dioxide with thorium dioxide for fuel pellets placed at the ends of the fuel stack of a conventional 37-element fuel bundle could help reduce axial power peaking for fresh fuel, while incorporating thorium dioxide into the central element of the fuel bundle could reduce coolant void reactivity (CVR).
A series of two-dimensional lattice physics simulations was carried out as part of conceptual scoping studies to evaluate the potential performance and safety characteristics of uranium-based fuel bundles with small amounts of thorium fuel added. The simulation results were complemented by an approximate model for evaluating the potential economic characteristics. The cases studied involve modifications to fuel composition, central element materials, and the addition of thorium dioxide to the fuel stack. In addition, a set of preliminary three-dimensional MCNP simulations was performed where fuel bundles were modeled to assess the effect of thorium end pellets and graded axial enrichment on end power peaking.
Results suggest it should be possible to incorporate thorium into the fuel cycle using existing 37-element fuel bundle geometry. Advantages to incorporating thorium include a reduction in the CVR through a thorium central element, breeding of small amounts of 233U, maintaining front-end fuel costs at or below the price of natural uranium (NU) fuel, and maintaining maximum linear element ratings within 6%of those achieved using NU 37-element fuel.