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This division promotes the development and timely introduction of fusion energy as a sustainable energy source with favorable economic, environmental, and safety attributes. The division cooperates with other organizations on common issues of multidisciplinary fusion science and technology, conducts professional meetings, and disseminates technical information in support of these goals. Members focus on the assessment and resolution of critical developmental issues for practical fusion energy applications.
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
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Next for nuclear: Energy arbitrage
Can nuclear power plants prosper in the grid of 2030 or 2035, when new wind and solar farms will make electricity prices even more volatile? Can plants install energy storage that will help them keep running at full power, 24/7, to ride out times of surplus and sell their energy only when prices are high?
Yeon Sang Jung, Won Sik Yang
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 185 | Number 2 | February 2017 | Pages 307-324
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295639.2016.1272369
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
This paper presents the method and performance of a coarse-mesh finite difference (CMFD) scheme for accelerating neutron transport calculations based on the finite element method (FEM). The transport solution based on FEM does not satisfy the neutron balance exactly because FEM yields a nonconservative discretization. A modified CMFD formulation has been developed to correct the limitation of the conventional CMFD that is applicable only to neutronics solvers with a conservative discretization. A consistent CMFD problem for the transport solution based on FEM is constructed by enforcing the neutron balance in each coarse mesh by introducing a pseudo absorption cross section, and the well-established alternating solution process of CMFD and transport calculations is employed to accelerate source convergence. The applicability of the modified CMFD scheme to transport calculation based on FEM was first tested for a one-dimensional, discrete ordinates (SN), discontinuous FEM. The performance of CMFD acceleration was then investigated with a two-dimensional/three-dimensional method of characteristic transport solver for thermal and fast reactor problems with various core sizes. It was observed that the consistent CMFD scheme could improve the computational efficiency of eigenvalue calculation significantly in the framework of a transport solver with fission source iteration.