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Fusion Science and Technology
Penfield and Enos: Outage planning in the COVID-19 era
Energy Harbor’s Beaver Valley plant, located about 34 miles northwest of Pittsburgh, Pa., was one of many nuclear sites preparing for a scheduled outage as the coronavirus pandemic intensified in March. The baseline objective of any planned outage—to complete refueling on time and get back to producing power—was complicated by the need to prevent the transmission of COVID-19.
While over 200 of the plant’s 850 staff members worked from home to support the outage, about 800 contractors were brought in for jobs that could only be done on-site. Nuclear News Staff Writer Susan Gallier talked with Beaver Valley Site Vice President Rod Penfield and General Plant Manager Matt Enos about the planning and communication required.
Beaver Valley can look forward to several more outages in the future, now that plans to shut down the two Westinghouse pressurized water reactors, each rated at about 960 MWe, were reversed in March. “The deactivation announcement happened in the middle of all our planning,” Enos said. “It’s a shame we haven’t had a chance to get together as a large group and celebrate that yet.”
While the focus remains on safe pandemic operations, the site now has two causes for celebration: an outage success and a long future ahead.
Yeon Sang Jung, Won Sik Yang
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 185 | Number 2 | February 2017 | Pages 307-324
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295639.2016.1272369
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
This paper presents the method and performance of a coarse-mesh finite difference (CMFD) scheme for accelerating neutron transport calculations based on the finite element method (FEM). The transport solution based on FEM does not satisfy the neutron balance exactly because FEM yields a nonconservative discretization. A modified CMFD formulation has been developed to correct the limitation of the conventional CMFD that is applicable only to neutronics solvers with a conservative discretization. A consistent CMFD problem for the transport solution based on FEM is constructed by enforcing the neutron balance in each coarse mesh by introducing a pseudo absorption cross section, and the well-established alternating solution process of CMFD and transport calculations is employed to accelerate source convergence. The applicability of the modified CMFD scheme to transport calculation based on FEM was first tested for a one-dimensional, discrete ordinates (SN), discontinuous FEM. The performance of CMFD acceleration was then investigated with a two-dimensional/three-dimensional method of characteristic transport solver for thermal and fast reactor problems with various core sizes. It was observed that the consistent CMFD scheme could improve the computational efficiency of eigenvalue calculation significantly in the framework of a transport solver with fission source iteration.