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The division's objectives are to promote the advancement of knowledge and understanding of the fundamental physical phenomena characterizing nuclear reactors and other nuclear systems. The division encourages research and disseminates information through meetings and publications. Areas of technical interest include nuclear data, particle interactions and transport, reactor and nuclear systems analysis, methods, design, validation and operating experience and standards. The Wigner Award heads the awards program.
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
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Climate change needs an Operation Warp Speed
The government of the United States should throw its muscle behind ramping up a mammoth, rapid rollout of all forms of renewable energy through Operation Warp Speed, similar to what is being done with COVID-19, Clive Thompson writes in an Ideas column for Wired.
The rollout should include energy sources that we already know how to build—like solar and wind — but also experimental emerging sources such as geothermal and small nuclear, and cutting-edge forms of energy storage or transmission.
Dina Chernikova, Imre Pázsit, Andrea Favalli, Stephen Croft
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 185 | Number 1 | January 2017 | Pages 206-216
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.13182/NSE16-47
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
This paper sets up a formalism that is sufficiently general to describe the effects of photofission, photonuclear, (n, xn), (n, n'xγ), and (n, xγ) reactions on the neutron-gamma Feynman-alpha variance-to-mean ratios. Such a formalism is obtained using the Chapman-Kolmogorov (master) forward equation for the above-mentioned set of nuclear reactions. Thereafter, the issue of estimating reaction intensities for gammas in the master equation is highlighted by the paper. As an example, a quantitative evaluation of reaction intensities is given for a case when (n, γ), photonuclear, and (n, 2n) reactions are relevant for the system. However, an evaluation of the influence of these types of reactions to the values of the Feynman variance-to-mean ratios is not within the scope of this paper. Overall, the results obtained in this paper are intended to give an extended systematic framework for the study of the neutron- and gamma-based nondestructive assay problems in nuclear reactor applications and materials control.