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Climate change needs an Operation Warp Speed
The government of the United States should throw its muscle behind ramping up a mammoth, rapid rollout of all forms of renewable energy through Operation Warp Speed, similar to what is being done with COVID-19, Clive Thompson writes in an Ideas column for Wired.
The rollout should include energy sources that we already know how to build—like solar and wind — but also experimental emerging sources such as geothermal and small nuclear, and cutting-edge forms of energy storage or transmission.
Tianyu Liu, Noah Wolfe, Christopher D. Carothers, Wei Ji, X. George Xu
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 185 | Number 1 | January 2017 | Pages 232-242
Technical Note | dx.doi.org/10.13182/NSE16-33
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
XSBench is a proxy application used to study the performance of nuclear macroscopic cross-section data construction, which is usually the most time-consuming process in Monte Carlo neutron transport simulations. In this technical note we report on our experience in optimizing XSBench to Intel multicore central processing units (CPUs), many integrated core coprocessors (MICs), and Nvidia graphics processing units (GPUs). The continuous-energy cross-section construction in the Monte Carlo simulation of the Hoogenboom-Martin large problem is used in our benchmark. We demonstrate that through several tuning techniques, particularly data prefetch, the performance of XSBench on each platform can be desirably improved compared to the original implementation on the same platform. It is shown that the performance gain is 1.46× on the Westmere CPU, 1.51× on the Haswell CPU, 2.25× on the Knights Corner (KNC) MIC, and 5.98× on the Kepler GPU. The comparison across different platforms shows that when using the high-end Haswell CPU as the baseline, the KNC MIC is 1.63× faster while the high-end Kepler GPU is 2.20× faster.