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HPS's Eric Goldin: On health physics
Eric Goldin, president of the Health Physics Society, is a radiation safety specialist with 40 years of experience in power reactor health physics, supporting worker and public radiation safety programs. A certified health physicist since 1984, he has served on the American Board of Health Physics, and since 2004, he has been a member of the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements’ Program Area Committee 2, which provides guidance for radiation safety in occupational settings for a variety of industries and activities. He was awarded HPS Fellow status in 2012 and was elected to the NCRP in 2014.
Goldin’s radiological engineering experience includes ALARA programs, instrumentation, radioactive waste management, emergency planning, dosimetry, decommissioning, licensing, effluents, and environmental monitoring.
The HPS, headquartered in Herndon, Va., is the largest radiation safety society in the world. Its membership includes scientists, safety professionals, physicists, engineers, attorneys, and other professionals from academia, industry, medical institutions, state and federal government, the national laboratories, the military, and other organizations.
The HPS’s activities include encouraging research in radiation science, developing standards, and disseminating radiation safety information. Its members are involved in understanding, evaluating, and controlling the potential risks from radiation relative to the benefits.
Goldin talked about the HPS and health physics activities with Rick Michal, editor-in-chief of Nuclear News.
Avinash Vaidheeswaran, William D. Fullmer, Martin Lopez de Bertodano
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 184 | Number 3 | November 2016 | Pages 353-362
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.13182/NSE16-23
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
It is well-known that an incomplete two-fluid model (TFM) leads to imaginary roots of the characteristic polynomial, thus rendering the model ill-posed. A common approach to fix this problem has been to introduce sufficient numerical/artificial diffusion or nonphysical hyperbolizing terms to stabilize the model. The disadvantage of this approach is that the physical instabilities that can be accurately predicted by the TFM either get severely dampened or disappear entirely. The preferred alternative is to introduce appropriate physics that may stabilize the TFM at short wavelengths while preserving the physical long-wavelength instabilities. For instance, in near-horizontal stratified flows, the appropriate physical mechanism is surface tension. However, it is not apparent what such a mechanism should be in dispersed bubbly flows.
Researchers in the past have demonstrated that the inclusion of the momentum transfer due to interfacial pressure along with virtual mass force makes the model conditionally well-posed up to a gas volume fraction of 26%. However, in practice, one may observe bubbly flows having gas concentrations beyond this theoretical limit. Hence, it is important to make the behavior of the TFM well-posed for the entire range of gas volume fractions that is physically permissible. In this paper, the often-neglected phenomenon of bubble collisions is considered. The colliding bubbles generate a dispersed-phase pressure that is resistive to increased compaction. The inclusion of bubble pressure in the TFM renders the model well-posed up to the maximum packing limit. Furthermore, it is also shown that the collision force is necessary to predict the wave propagation velocities for bubbly flows over the entire range of void fractions observed in reality. Comparisons are made with the data, and a reasonable agreement is seen. Finally, it is demonstrated with computational fluid dynamics calculations that the addition of appropriate physical mechanisms (i.e., interfacial pressure and collision) makes the multidimensional TFM well-posed.