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A day in the life of the nuclear community
The November issue of Nuclear News is focused on the individuals who make up our nuclear community.
We invited a small group of those individuals to tell us about their day-to-day work in some of the many occupations and applications of nuclear science and technology, and they responded generously. They were ready to tell us about the part they play, together with colleagues and team members, in supplying clean energy, advancing technology, protecting safety and health, and exploring fundamental science.
In these pages, we see a community that can celebrate both those workdays that record progress moving at a steady pace and the exceptional days when a goal is reached, a briefing is delivered, a contract goes through, a discovery is made, or an unforeseen challenge is overcome.
The Nuclear News staff hopes that you enjoy meeting these members of our community—or maybe get reacquainted with friends—through their words and photos.
C. S. Brown, I. A. Bolotnov
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 184 | Number 3 | November 2016 | Pages 363-376
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.13182/NSE15-126
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The spectral analysis of turbulent single- and two-phase direct numerical simulation (DNS) data in flat plane channel, circular pipe, and reactor subchannel geometries is performed using the recorded DNS velocity fluctuations as a function of time and applying the fast Fourier transform. This results in an energy spectrum of the liquid turbulence in a frequency domain. The complexity of multiphase flow results in a mixed velocity time history coming from either the liquid or the gas phase. A modified single-phase signal that mimics the presence of bubbles (“pseudo-void”) is developed to quantify the effect of the liquid signal intermittency as the bubble passes through a virtual probe.
Comparisons of single-phase, pseudo-void, and two-phase results quantify the changes to the expected −5/3 slope of the energy spectrum for single-phase flows due to turbulent interactions caused by the wakes behind a bubble. The two-phase energy spectra show a slope close to −3 and similar shape in the different geometries while single-phase energy spectra exhibit the expected −5/3 slope. Pseudo-void results indicate that the change to the energy spectrum in bubbly two-phase flows is due entirely from liquid turbulence interactions with the bubble wakes.
A comprehensive spectral analysis for different geometries and different Reynolds number flows at varying distances from the wall is an essential step in developing physically sound closure models for bubble-liquid interactions. The comparison between different geometries demonstrates the direct applicability of various models to reactor-relevant geometries.