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A day in the life of the nuclear community
The November issue of Nuclear News is focused on the individuals who make up our nuclear community.
We invited a small group of those individuals to tell us about their day-to-day work in some of the many occupations and applications of nuclear science and technology, and they responded generously. They were ready to tell us about the part they play, together with colleagues and team members, in supplying clean energy, advancing technology, protecting safety and health, and exploring fundamental science.
In these pages, we see a community that can celebrate both those workdays that record progress moving at a steady pace and the exceptional days when a goal is reached, a briefing is delivered, a contract goes through, a discovery is made, or an unforeseen challenge is overcome.
The Nuclear News staff hopes that you enjoy meeting these members of our community—or maybe get reacquainted with friends—through their words and photos.
M. Jarrett, B. Kochunas, A. Zhu, T. Downar
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 184 | Number 2 | October 2016 | Pages 208-227
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.13182/NSE16-51
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The coarse-mesh finite difference (CMFD) method is one of the most widely used methods for accelerating the convergence of numerical transport solutions. However, in some situations, iterative methods using CMFD can become unstable and fail to converge. We present and evaluate three different modifications of the CMFD scheme that provide enhanced stability: multiple transport sweeps, artificial diffusion, and relaxing the flux update. We present the Fourier analysis on each of these schemes for an idealized problem to characterize the stability and rate of convergence for both fixed-source and fission-source problems. Comparisons of the effectiveness of these methods are also performed numerically for a variety of benchmark boiling water reactor and pressurized water reactor problems using the Consortium for Advanced Simulation of Light Water Reactors neutronics code MPACT. We demonstrate a means of stabilizing CMFD by modifying the diffusion coefficient to make the iteration behave more like the partial-current CMFD (pCMFD) method, which is unconditionally stable, and show through a sequence of numerical experiments that the CMFD method performs similarly to the pCMFD method for the selected benchmark problems. We also show, both theoretically and experimentally, that modifying the diffusion coefficient in the CMFD equations is similar to underrelaxing the scalar flux update. The theoretical and experimental results show that many of the known techniques for stabilizing CMFD are fundamentally very closely related.