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The division provides a forum for focused technical dialogue on thermal hydraulic technology in the nuclear industry. Specifically, this will include heat transfer and fluid mechanics involved in the utilization of nuclear energy. It is intended to attract the highest quality of theoretical and experimental work to ANS, including research on basic phenomena and application to nuclear system design.
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A day in the life of the nuclear community
The November issue of Nuclear News is focused on the individuals who make up our nuclear community.
We invited a small group of those individuals to tell us about their day-to-day work in some of the many occupations and applications of nuclear science and technology, and they responded generously. They were ready to tell us about the part they play, together with colleagues and team members, in supplying clean energy, advancing technology, protecting safety and health, and exploring fundamental science.
In these pages, we see a community that can celebrate both those workdays that record progress moving at a steady pace and the exceptional days when a goal is reached, a briefing is delivered, a contract goes through, a discovery is made, or an unforeseen challenge is overcome.
The Nuclear News staff hopes that you enjoy meeting these members of our community—or maybe get reacquainted with friends—through their words and photos.
Jesse C. Holmes, Ayman I. Hawari, Michael L. Zerkle
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 184 | Number 1 | September 2016 | Pages 84-113
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.13182/NSE15-89
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The S(α, β) double-differential thermal neutron scattering law tabulated in Evaluated Nuclear Data File (ENDF) File 7 is, by convention, produced theoretically through fundamental scattering physics models. Currently, no published ENDF evaluations contain covariance data for S(α, β) or associated scattering cross sections. Furthermore, no accepted methodology exists for quantifying or representing these covariances. Thermal scattering cross sections depend on the interatomic structure and dynamics of the material. For many solids, the influence of these properties on inelastic scattering cross sections can be adequately described through the phonon energy spectrum. The phonon spectrum can be viewed as a probability density function and is commonly the fundamental input for calculating S(α, β). Probable variation in the shape of the phonon spectrum may be established that characterizes uncertainties in the physics models and methodology employed in its production. Through Monte Carlo sampling of perturbations from the reference phonon spectrum, an S(α, β) covariance matrix may be generated. With appropriate sensitivity information, the S(α, β) covariance matrix can be propagated to generate covariance data for differential and integral cross sections. In this work, hexagonal graphite is used as an example material for demonstrating the proposed procedures for analyzing, calculating, and processing uncertainty information for theoretically generated thermal neutron inelastic scattering data.