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Fusion Science and Technology
HPS's Eric Goldin: On health physics
Eric Goldin, president of the Health Physics Society, is a radiation safety specialist with 40 years of experience in power reactor health physics, supporting worker and public radiation safety programs. A certified health physicist since 1984, he has served on the American Board of Health Physics, and since 2004, he has been a member of the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements’ Program Area Committee 2, which provides guidance for radiation safety in occupational settings for a variety of industries and activities. He was awarded HPS Fellow status in 2012 and was elected to the NCRP in 2014.
Goldin’s radiological engineering experience includes ALARA programs, instrumentation, radioactive waste management, emergency planning, dosimetry, decommissioning, licensing, effluents, and environmental monitoring.
The HPS, headquartered in Herndon, Va., is the largest radiation safety society in the world. Its membership includes scientists, safety professionals, physicists, engineers, attorneys, and other professionals from academia, industry, medical institutions, state and federal government, the national laboratories, the military, and other organizations.
The HPS’s activities include encouraging research in radiation science, developing standards, and disseminating radiation safety information. Its members are involved in understanding, evaluating, and controlling the potential risks from radiation relative to the benefits.
Goldin talked about the HPS and health physics activities with Rick Michal, editor-in-chief of Nuclear News.
M. Drosg, M. M. Steurer, E. Jericha, D. M. Drake
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 184 | Number 1 | September 2016 | Pages 114-124
Technical Note | dx.doi.org/10.13182/NSE16-56
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Neutrons for fusion applications stem not only from monoenergetic sources but also from “white” neutron sources. In this regard, the reaction 3H(t,n) is of particular interest. Continuous neutron spectra of the 3H(t,n) reactions were measured at 5.98-, 7.47-, 10.45-, 16.41-, and 19.14-MeV triton energy at typically seven angles between 0 and 145 deg. The spectra at the three lowest energies contain only neutrons from 3H(t,n)5He and 3H(t,2n)4He reactions and therefore can more easily be interpreted than the spectra at 16.41 and 19.14 MeV, which are too complex to allow a straightforward decomposition except for estimation of the neutron emission cross section following the reaction 3H(t,d)4H. Angle-dependent double-differential and neutron energy–integrated cross sections are given at the five energies. In most cases the peak of the two-body ground state transition could be deconvolved reliably resulting in cross sections of the reaction 3H(t,n)5He. Although the basic scale uncertainty is <5%, severe background, in particular, at the higher triton energies, increases the total uncertainty of integrated cross sections up to 9%. Naturally, the uncertainty of each energy bin of the double-differential cross sections, which depend on bin width, is considerably higher. As no previous data are reported at or near these energies, no direct comparison with other data was feasible. Evidence is provided of the formation of the short-lived neutron-rich nuclei 5He and at higher energies of 4H.