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Radiation Protection & Shielding
The Radiation Protection and Shielding Division is developing and promoting radiation protection and shielding aspects of nuclear science and technology — including interaction of nuclear radiation with materials and biological systems, instruments and techniques for the measurement of nuclear radiation fields, and radiation shield design and evaluation.
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The Standards Committee is responsible for the development and maintenance of voluntary consensus standards that address the design, analysis, and operation of components, systems, and facilities related to the application of nuclear science and technology. Find out What’s New, check out the Standards Store, or Get Involved today!
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
The blossoming of cooperation between the U.S. and Canada
The United States and Canadian nuclear industries used to be an example of how two independent teams of engineers facing an identical problem—making electricity from uranium—could come up with completely different answers. In the 1950s, Canada began designing a reactor with tubes, heavy water, and natural uranium, while in the U.S. it was big pots of light water and enriched uranium.
But 80 years later, there is a remarkable convergence. The North American push for a new generation of nuclear reactors, mostly small modular reactors (SMRs), is becoming binational, with U.S. and Canadian companies seeking markets and regulatory certification on both sides of the border and in many cases sourcing key components in the other country.
A. P. J. Hodgson, R. W. Grimes, M. J. D. Rushton, O. J. Marsden
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 181 | Number 3 | November 2015 | Pages 302-309
Technical Paper | doi.org/10.13182/NSE14-156
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Computational models provide a framework through which to predict impurity in-growth in reactor generated radiological sources. However, the energy group structure and methodology used in these codes can have a significant impact on the accuracy of neutron cross sections and, as a result, on the inventory values calculated. The European Activation SYstem II (EASY-II) partitions neutron data in a number of different standard structures and then uses these to generate energy collapsed cross sections for each neutron reaction of interest. How well these single values represent the true neutron environment of the reactor is key to the codes efficacy for evaluating source impurities for use in material attribution. By comparing EASY-II nuclide inventories for cobalt source materials against analytically derived equivalents, these approximations have been shown to have limited impact. However, of the fission applicable standard structures investigated, only XMAS and CCFE were capable of precisely accounting for the differences in the energies required to simulate all the neutron reactions of potential interest to forensic investigations.