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Delay, cost increase announced for U.K. nuclear project
Perspex screens and reduced seating capacity in the Hinkley Point canteens help protect the workforce during breaks, EDF Energy said. Photo: EDF Energy
The unfortunate effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on nuclear new-build projects haven’t stopped with Vogtle: EDF Energy this morning reported that the expected startup date for Unit 1 at its Hinkley Point C site is being pushed from late 2025 to June 2026.
In addition, the project’s completion costs are now estimated to be in the range of £22 billion to £23 billion (about $30.2 billion to $31.5 billion), some £500 million (about $686 million) more than the 2019 estimate, EDF said, adding the caveat that these revisions assume an ability to begin a return to normal site conditions by the second quarter of 2021.
Liyan Qiu, Anthony P. Snaglewski
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 179 | Number 2 | February 2015 | Pages 199-210
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.13182/NSE13-93
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Lithium adsorption on the surface of magnetite, lepidocrocite, and maghemite particles was studied at different pH values in LiOH and Li2CO3 solutions under redox conditions and temperatures relevant to the water chemistry of CANadian Deuterium Uranium (CANDU) reactors. Lithium adsorption on maghemite shows a different behavior than on lepidocrocite and magnetite. It is concluded that specific adsorption is the dominant adsorption mechanism on maghemite while lithium adsorption on lepidocrocite and magnetite is nonspecific. However, lithium intercalation into the spinel structure of magnetite and maghemite is also likely. The introduction of O2 reduces lithium adsorption on magnetite. The adsorption behavior of lithium on iron oxides is important to understand the lithium hideout and return in the heat transport system during shutdown and restart of CANDU reactors.