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Human Factors, Instrumentation & Controls
Improving task performance, system reliability, system and personnel safety, efficiency, and effectiveness are the division's main objectives. Its major areas of interest include task design, procedures, training, instrument and control layout and placement, stress control, anthropometrics, psychological input, and motivation.
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Idaho Falls, ID|Snake River Event Center
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The blossoming of cooperation between the U.S. and Canada
The United States and Canadian nuclear industries used to be an example of how two independent teams of engineers facing an identical problem—making electricity from uranium—could come up with completely different answers. In the 1950s, Canada began designing a reactor with tubes, heavy water, and natural uranium, while in the U.S. it was big pots of light water and enriched uranium.
But 80 years later, there is a remarkable convergence. The North American push for a new generation of nuclear reactors, mostly small modular reactors (SMRs), is becoming binational, with U.S. and Canadian companies seeking markets and regulatory certification on both sides of the border and in many cases sourcing key components in the other country.
Mohamed Ouisloumen, Abderrafi M. Ougouag, Shadi Z. Ghrayeb
Nuclear Science and Engineering | Volume 179 | Number 1 | January 2015 | Pages 59-84
Technical Paper | doi.org/10.13182/NSE13-99
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The resonance scattering transfer cross section has been reformulated to account for anisotropic scattering in the center of mass of the neutron-nucleus system. The main innovation over previous implementations is the relaxation of the ubiquitous assumption of isotropic scattering in the center of mass and the actual effective use of scattering angle distributions from evaluated nuclear data files in the computation of the angular moments of the resonant scattering kernels. The formulas for the high-order anisotropic moments in the laboratory system are also derived. A multigroup numerical formulation is derived and implemented into a module incorporated within the NJOY nuclear data processing code. An ultrafine-energy-mesh cross-section library was generated using these new theoretical models and then was used for fuel assembly calculations with the PARAGON lattice physics code. The results obtained indicate that this new model makes a significant difference to predictions of reactivity, multigroup fluxes, and isotopic inventory during depletion.